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Central neck dissection for papillary thyroid cancer.

06:00 EDT 1st April 2011 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Central neck dissection for papillary thyroid cancer."

Central compartment lymph node dissection is a common adjunct to thyroidectomy in the treatment of papillary thyroid cancer. The indications, surgical technique, potential benefits, and operative risks of this procedure should be clearly defined in order to provide optimal care to these patients.

Affiliation

Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. dhughes@montefiore.org.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cancer control : journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
ISSN: 1526-2359
Pages: 83-8

Links

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PubMed Articles [22128 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Indications and extent of central neck dissection for papillary thyroid cancer: An American Head and Neck Society Consensus Statement.

The primary purposes of this interdisciplinary consensus statement were to review the relevant indications for central neck dissection (CND) in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and to outl...

Inadvertent parathyroidectomy during total thyroidectomy and central neck dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma.

The main drawback of central neck lymph node dissection is postoperative parathyroid failure. Little information is available concerning inadvertent resection of the parathyroid glands in this setting...

Clinical significance of prophylactic central compartment neck dissection in the treatment of clinically node-negative papillary thyroid cancer patients.

Lymph nodal involvement is very common in differentiated thyroid cancer, and in addition, cervical lymph node micrometastases are observed in up to 80 % of papillary thyroid cancers. During the last ...

Central compartment management in patients with papillary thyroid cancer presenting with metastatic disease to the lateral neck: Anatomic pathways of lymphatic spread.

Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) occasionally presents with metastases to the lateral neck, without clinically evident disease in the central neck. These cases may ultimately manifest as either skip met...

Preferential Use of Total Thyroidectomy without Prophylactic Central Lymph Node Dissection for Early-Stage Papillary Thyroid Cancer: Oncologic Outcomes in an Integrated Health Plan.

The oncologic benefit of prophylactic central lymph node dissection (pCLND) in node-negative papillary thyroid cancer has been debated.

Clinical Trials [9089 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Extent of Central Lymph Node Dissection in Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma

Occult lymph node metastasis is common in micro papillary thyroid cancer. However, the role of lymph node dissection in the treatment of microPTC remains controversial. The investigators w...

Prophylactic Selective Lateral Neck Dissection in Patients With Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

The purpose of this study is to prospectively analyze the incidence of occult lateral neck metastasis (LNM) and to elucidate the factors that predict LNM in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PT...

Potential Role for Carbon Nanoparticles to Guide Central Neck Dissection in Patients With Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common subtype of thyroid cancer. The most common site of PTC nodal metastases is the central neck, which has a reported rate of lymph node meta...

The Efficacy and Safety of Prophylactic Central Lymph Node Dissection in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of prophylactic central lymph node dissection in papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Active Surveillance of Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma

Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma are small thyroid cancer measuring 1cm or less. Most of this tumor are not palpable and are identified either through pathologic examination or from imagin...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An aggressive THYROID GLAND malignancy which generally occurs in IODINE-deficient areas in people with previous thyroid pathology such as GOITER. It is associated with CELL DEDIFFERENTIATION of THYROID CARCINOMA (e.g., FOLLICULAR THYROID CARCINOMA; PAPILLARY THYROID CANCER). Typical initial presentation is a rapidly growing neck mass which upon metastasis is associated with DYSPHAGIA; NECK PAIN; bone pain; DYSPNEA; and NEUROLOGIC DEFICITS.

Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.

A thyroid neoplasm of mixed papillary and follicular arrangement. Its biological behavior and prognosis is the same as that of a papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1271)

Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)

Splitting of the vessel wall in the VERTEBRAL ARTERY. Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the vertebral artery, aneurysm formation, or THROMBOEMBOLISM. Vertebral artery dissection is often associated with TRAUMA and injuries to the head-neck region but can occur spontaneously.

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