Nutrition and diabetes mellitus: an overview of the current evidence.
Overwhelming evidence exists supporting the benefit of lifestyle and nutritional interventions to prevent or delay type 2 and gestational diabetes and improve glycemic control and co-morbidities in patients of all sub-types of diabetes mellitus. Therefore, nutritional therapy is an indispensable and fundamental treatment component, which has to be based on evidence-based recommendations, adapted for dietary intake and medication, and periodically adapted according to diagnosis and individual course of illness. This overview is based on the currently valid evidence-based nutritional recommendations of the European and American Diabetes Associations for the management of diabetes mellitus. It describes the quality and quantity of beneficial macronutrient (carbohydrates, fat, and protein) and micronutrient intake, alcohol consumption, and food groups. Moreover, the evidence for supplements and functional foods is summarized and the role of body weight and different weight loss diets are discussed.
SIPCAN - Special Institute for Preventive Cardiology and Nutrition, Salzburg, Austria, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21442215
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10354-011-0888-4
Prior studies have provided evidence that lifestyle change prevents or delays the occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The challenge is to translate research evidence for type 2 diabetes mellitus p...
Diabetes mellitus has become a modern global epidemic, with steadily increasing prevalence rates related to lifestyle such that 27% of individuals aged 65 years or older have diabetes mellitus, 95% of...
Diabetes mellitus is defined as a group of metabolic diseases that are associated with the presence of a hyperglycemic state due to impairments in insulin release and/or function. While the developmen...
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a new epidemic among Australian women, especially those with Asian backgrounds. The 1998 Australia National Diabetes Strategy and Implementation Plan recognises ...
Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease that requires insulin treatment from the time of diagnosis. Its clinical course depends on both genetic and environmental factors, and the lifestyle of ...
There is evidence that controlling total amount of carbohydrates is a strategy for controlling glucose levels in diabetes mellitus. There is not major evidence that any given macronutrient...
This study compares metformin (current first-line medication) to pioglitazone (a newer diabetic medication currently approved for combination use). Whilst there is good evidence for the be...
A short-term feeding study in type 2 diabetics manipulating the fat and caloric values of meals to assess both compensation and glucose control, both covertly and overtly.
The current study investigates Welchol as monotherapy to improve glycemic control in subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus not adequately controlled with diet and exercise alone. The stud...
The current study investigates Welchol as add-on therapy to pioglitazone to improve glycemic control in subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus not adequately controlled with pioglitazone m...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.
Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).