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Postmenopausal women make up one of the fastest growing populations in the United States. Women typically have a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease following menopause. One of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease is hypertension, and after menopause, blood pressure (BP) increases progressively in women. Also after menopause, the progression of renal disease increases in women compared with aged matched men. However, the mechanism(s) responsible for the post-menopausal increase in BP and renal injury are yet to be elucidated. Moreover the best therapeutic options to treat postmenopausal hypertension in women are not clear. Hypertension in postmenopausal women are usually associated with other cardiovascular risk factors, such as dyslipidemias, visceral obesity and endothelial dysfunction. Recently it became apparent that in a large number of hypertensive postmenopausal women, their BP is not well controlled with conventional antihypertensive medications. A clear understanding of the complex pathogenesis of postmenopausal hypertension is needed in order to offer the best therapeutic options for these women.
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 N. State Street, Jackson, MS 39216-4505, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current topics in medicinal chemistry
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A prostaglandin that is a powerful vasodilator and inhibits platelet aggregation. It is biosynthesized enzymatically from PROSTAGLANDIN ENDOPEROXIDES in human vascular tissue. The sodium salt has been also used to treat primary pulmonary hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PULMONARY).
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
One of the ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS that is used to treat hypertension.
An alpha-adrenergic antagonist with long duration of action. It has been used to treat hypertension and as a peripheral vasodilator.
A gonadal stromal neoplasm composed only of THECA CELLS, occurring mostly in the postmenopausal OVARY. It is filled with lipid-containing spindle cells and produces ESTROGENS that can lead to ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA; UTERINE HEMORRHAGE; or other malignancies in postmenopausal women and sexual precocity in girls. When tumors containing theca cells also contain FIBROBLASTS, they are identified as thecoma-fibroma tumors with less active hormone production.
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...