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Bronchiectasis is a disease state defined by irreducible dilations of the airways. If they occur in diseases other than cystic fibrosis they are termed non-CF bronchiectasis. The common denominator is the increased risk of recurrent infections with bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Such infections are difficult to eradicate with systemic antibiotics because the structural abnormalities in the bronchial wall reduce their bactericidal effect at this level. An alternative to systemic antibiotics might be represented by inhaled formulations, which can be given in much lower doses and can be more effective. Previous studies demonstrated that inhaled gentamicin can reduce bacterial load and local infection in both cystic fibrosis and non-CF bronchiectasis. The study discussed in this paper demonstrates that long-term therapy with inhaled gentamicin can eradicate the infection or reduce the bacterial load, decrease the risk of subsequent infections and improve the quality of life in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis with a minimal risk of side effects.
University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr.T.Popa" Iasi, Pulmonary Disease University Hospital, Department of Medicine II - Pulmonary Disease, 30 Dr I Cihac Str, 700115 Iasi, Romania +0040232239408 ; Sabina.firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy
Bronchiectasis is a pathological diagnosis describing dilatation of the airways and is characterized by chronic lung sepsis. Bronchiectasis has multiple etiologies, but is usually considered in terms ...
Exacerbations of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis cause significant morbidity but there are few detailed data on their clinical course and associated physiological changes. The biology of an exacerb...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an environmentally ubiquitous Gram-negative bacterium and important opportunistic human pathogen, causing severe chronic respiratory infections in patients with underlying co...
No prospective study has assessed eradication treatment of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonisation in bronchiectasis not due to cystic fibrosis (CF).
Bronchiectasis is defined as a permanent and progressive dilation of the airways, typically as a result of inflammation, infection, and subsequent repair. It typically presents with chronic cough, sup...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the daily inhalation of nebulised hypertonic saline (6%) will decrease the incidence of pulmonary exacerbations and increase the quality o...
No gold standard therapy exists for clearing mucus from the airways of patients with bronchiectasis. While rhDNase has a proven place in the treatment of CF, it failed to improve FEV1 in a...
The hypothesis of this randomized placebo controlled trial is that targeted nebulized gentamicin to the airways will reduce bacterial burden and limit neutrophil airways inflammation. If g...
Suppression of stop mutations in the CFTR gene with parenteral gentamicin can be predicted in vitro and is associated with clinical benefit and significant modification of the CFTR-mediate...
The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy and safety of 26 weeks treatment with inhaled mannitol in subjects with cystic fibrosis. Previous studies have demonstrated improvement...
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
A rehabilitation therapy for removal of copious mucus secretion from the lung of patients with diseases such as CHRONIC BRONCHITIS; BRONCHIECTASIS; PULMONARY ABSCESS; or CYSTIC FIBROSIS. The patient's head is placed in a downward incline (so the TRACHEA is inferior to the affected area) for 15- to 20-minute sessions.
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
Antibiotic produced by Micromonospora inyoensis. It is closely related to gentamicin C1A, one of the components of the gentamicin complex (GENTAMICINS).
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
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