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Introduction: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often fatal due to local growth inside the liver and its unique arterial vascularization provides the basis for transarterial therapies. Around 35% of patients are diagnosed at stages in which transarterial therapies are indicated as first-line therapy; many others are treated after recurrence or progression to surgery or percutaneous ablation. However, the scientific evidence supporting the use of transarterial therapy is heterogeneous and certainly weak for several subgroups. New developments have emerged in the last decade. Areas covered: This review discusses the scientific evidence supporting the use of transarterial therapies for patients with HCC, including chemoembolization with conventional materials or drug-eluting beads, and internal radiation procedures such as the injection radioactive lipiodol or radioembolization with (90)Y-loaded microspheres. The literature on clinical development of transarterial therapies for HCC has been reviewed since 1990. Expert opinion: Transarterial chemoembolization has been shown to improve the survival of those patients with unresectable, mostly viral-related HCC who have a preserved liver function and low tumor burden. Recently developed devices and procedures, particularly drug-eluting beads and radioactive microspheres, may further improve the clinical outcome of patients receiving transarterial therapies. Combination with antiangiogenic agents is an appealing approach that should be explored.
Liver Unit, Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, Av.Pio XII, 36-31008 Pamplona, Spain +34 948255800 ; +34 948396500 ; firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Name: Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy
A debate exists over whether using preoperative transarterial chemoembolization for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma before liver transplantation. Numerous studies have been investigating on thi...
We examined early predictors of the outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE).
To investigate the predictive factors for complete response (CR) and recurrence after CR in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE).
Underlying liver cirrhosis is present in most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver transplantation is the only treatment strategy to cure both diseases. All other hepatocellular carcinoma...
To study whether transarterial embolization (TAE) with RNA interference (RNAi) targeting hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) can improve efficacy of TAE in treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
The purpose of this study is to evaluate efficacy, safety, and patient reported outcomes (PRO) of different protocols of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellu...
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third most common cause of cancer-related mortality. In recent years, transarterial chemoembolization, radio frequency ablation and microwave ablation have ...
Patients with liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma will undergo transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) as clinically indicated and will be randomized to receive bevacizumab or plac...
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as the third most common cause of cancer-related death has a very poor prognosis. Aim of this open label single arm non randomized pilot trial is the evaluat...
To compare the efficacy of Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) to CyberKnife stereotactic body radiotherapy in the treatment of patients with locally recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma ...
An ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS causing chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma in woodchucks. It closely resembles the human hepatitis B virus.
Therapies using arts or directed at the senses.
The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.
The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during development of the embryo and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life. They reappear in the adult serum during certain pathologic states, primarily hepatocellular carcinoma. They may also be elevated in the amniotic fluid and maternal serum during pregnancy in ANENCEPHALY.
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...