Quantitative relationship between recovery and benefit-finding among persons with chronic mental illness in Japan.
Summary of "Quantitative relationship between recovery and benefit-finding among persons with chronic mental illness in Japan."
This study quantitatively examined the association between recovery and benefit-finding among persons with a chronic mental illness in Japan. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted, with responses from 237 (74%) of 319 individuals (≥ 20 years old) with a chronic mental illness in community and inpatient ward settings. The data of 120 questionnaires were analyzed (men, 64%; average age, 41 years). The questionnaire included the Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS) and Self-identified Stage of Recovery Parts A and B (SISR-A and SISR-B) for assessing recovery and the Perceived Positive Change Scale (PPCS) for assessing benefit-finding. The total RAS and SISR-B scores strongly and positively correlated with the PPCS score. The PPCS score significantly differed among the recovery stages, as classified by the SISR-A, with higher scores at higher stages; the association was almost linear. The study confirmed the theoretically expected relationship between recovery and benefit-finding among these individuals. Benefit-finding might be associated not only with a higher stage of recovery but also with each step from one stage to another.
Departments of Psychiatric Nursing Mental Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo The Health Care Science Institute, Tokyo, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nursing & health sciences
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21481122
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00589.x
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Locations, on the GENOME, of GENES or other genetic elements that encode or control the expression of a quantitative trait (QUANTITATIVE TRAIT, HERITABLE).
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)