MicroRNA-203 Expression as a New Prognostic Marker of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.
Summary of "MicroRNA-203 Expression as a New Prognostic Marker of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma."
Detection of aberrant microRNA (miR) expression may contribute to diagnosis and prognosis of various cancers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between miR-203 expression and prognosis of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma after curative resection.
A total of 113 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, 20 samples of chronic pancreatitis, and 8 samples of normal pancreas were obtained. We investigated the association of miR-203 expression measured by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays with clinicopathological parameters and survival times.
miR-203 was overexpressed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma samples compared with chronic pancreatitis (P < 0.001) and normal pancreas (P = 0.001) samples. An association between miR-203 expression and clinicopathological factors of pancreatic adenocarcinoma was not observed. On univariate analysis, the high-miR-203 group and the subgroup (20%) of cases with the highest miR-203 overexpression had significantly shorter survival time (P = 0.048 and P = 0.024, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that miR-203 expression was an independent predictor of poor prognosis in cases with no residual tumor (relative risk 2.298, P = 0.027).
miR-203 expression is a new prognostic marker in pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients.
Departments of Surgery and Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of surgical oncology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20652642
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-010-1188-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An adenocarcinoma producing mucin in significant amounts. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
An adenocarcinoma of the thyroid gland, in which the cells are arranged in the form of follicles. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.
Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.
An adenocarcinoma with a hard (Greek skirrhos, hard) structure owing to the formation of dense connective tissue in the stroma. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
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