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Twisted Macrocycles with Folded ortho-Phenylene Subunits.

08:00 EDT 17th March 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Twisted Macrocycles with Folded ortho-Phenylene Subunits."

Many foldamers, oligomers that adopt well-defined secondary structures, are now known, including many exhibiting functional behavior. However, examples of foldamer subunits within larger architectures remain rare, despite the importance of higher-order structure in biomacromolecules. Here, we investigate the dynamic covalent assembly of short o-phenylenes, a simple class of aromatic foldamers, into twisted macrocycles. o-Phenylene tetramers have been combined with rod-shaped p-phenylene-, tolane-, and diphenylbutadiyene-based linkers using imine formation. Macrocyclization proceeds efficiently, inducing folding of the o-phenylenes. The resulting [3+3] macrocycles (three o-phenylenes and three linkers) are shape-persistent, triangular structures with twisted cores and internal diameters up to approximately 2 nm. The homochiral D3-symmetric and heterochiral C2-symmetric conformers can be distinguished by NMR spectroscopy. Analysis of the conformational distribution for the p-phenylene-linked macrocycle suggests that the o-phenylene units are largely decoupled, with the less-symmetrical configuration therefore entropically favored. Conformational dynamics were assessed by variable-temperature NMR spectroscopy. Confinement within the macrocyclic architecture slows the inversion of the o-phenylene moieties.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1520-5126
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