Implant treatment in patients with oral lichen planus: a prospective-controlled study.
Summary of "Implant treatment in patients with oral lichen planus: a prospective-controlled study."
Objectives: The main aim of this prospective-controlled study was to evaluate the implant survival rate in patients diagnosed with oral lichen planus (OLP). The secondary goals were to analyze the presence of implant- and patient-dependent variables. Material and methods: Two groups, including 18 patients diagnosed with OLP and 18 controls, received 56 and 62 implants during the years 2003-2008. Pain and wound healing were evaluated after the procedure. After a mean follow-up of 53.5 and 52.3 months, clinical and radiographic assessments were used to evaluate implant survival and patient- and implant-dependent parameters. Results: The implant survival rate was 100% for the OLP group. Immediate postsurgical complications were similar in both groups. Peri-implant mucositis (PIM) was detected in 44.6% of the implants and 66.6% of the patients with OLP. The presence of desquamative gingivitis (DG) was associated with a higher rate of PIM on those implants of the OLP group (P=0.004). Peri-implantitis (PI) appeared in 10.7% of the implants and 27.7% of the patients with OLP (P=NS). Conclusion: Despite the limitations of the small sample size, it seems that lichen planus is not a prominent local player in the genesis of implant failure. Patients with DG should be carefully examined during follow-up care. To cite this article: Hernández G, Lopez-Pintor RM, Arriba L, Torres J, de Vicente JC. Implant treatment in patients with oral lichen planus: A prospective-controlled study. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. xx, 2011; 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02192.x.
Department of Oral Medicine and Orofacial Surgery, Faculty of Odontology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain Department of Health Sciences III, Faculty of Health Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, Spain Department of Oral and Maxillofacia
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical oral implants research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21492237
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02192.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lichen Planus, Oral
Oral lesions accompanying cutaneous lichen planus or often occurring alone. The buccal mucosa, lips, gingivae, floor of the mouth, and palate are usually affected (in a descending order of frequency). Typically, oral lesions consist of radiating white or gray, velvety, threadlike lines, arranged in a reticular pattern, at the intersection of which there may be minute, white, elevated dots or streaks (Wickham's striae). (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
An oral retinoid used in the treatment of keratotic genodermatosis, lichen planus, and psoriasis. Beneficial effects have also been claimed in the prophylaxis of epithelial neoplasia. The compound may be teratogenic.
The term applied to a group of relatively uncommon inflammatory, maculopapular, scaly eruptions of unknown etiology and resistant to conventional treatment. Eruptions are both psoriatic and lichenoid in appearance, but the diseases are distinct from psoriasis, lichen planus, or other recognized dermatoses. Proposed nomenclature divides parapsoriasis into two distinct subgroups, PITYRIASIS LICHENOIDES and parapsoriasis en plaques (small- and large-plaque parapsoriasis).
Conditions in which there is histological damage to the lower epidermis along with a grouped chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the papillary dermis disturbing the interface between the epidermis and dermis. LICHEN PLANUS is the prototype of all lichenoid eruptions. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p398)
Prospective Payment Assessment Commission
The commission charged with evaluating issues and factors which affect the implementation of the PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM.
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