Is Computerized Physician Order Entry Use Associated with a Decrease in Hospital Resource Utilization in Hospitals That Care for Children?
Summary of "Is Computerized Physician Order Entry Use Associated with a Decrease in Hospital Resource Utilization in Hospitals That Care for Children?"
Despite large hospital costs for implementation and maintenance of Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) for medication safety, little evidence exists to determine if predicted efficiency improvements translate into lower hospital resource utilization for inpatient pediatrics. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between hospital CPOE use and resource utilization per case within children's healthcare. The authors use a retrospective cross-sectional design with linear regression to assess relationships between hospital CPOE use and resource utilization per case. Despite large CPOE costs and financial barriers to adoption, we find that compared to those without CPOE, hospitals with CPOE did not have significantly lower cost per case. Because of the lack of evidence for financial benefit for CPOE use hospitals will likely need other motives to adopt CPOE. This emphasizes the importance of financial incentives for adoption of CPOE within children's healthcare and represents important benchmark data for future comparison.
Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, 135 Rutledge Avenue, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of medical systems
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21503742
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10916-011-9708-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Medication Systems, Hospital
Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.
Hospital-physician Joint Ventures
A formal financial agreement made between one or more physicians and a hospital to provide ambulatory alternative services to those patients who do not require hospitalization.
Insurance, Physician Services
Insurance providing benefits for the costs of care by a physician which can be comprehensive or limited to surgical expenses or for care provided only in the hospital. It is frequently called "regular medical expense" or "surgical expense".
The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).
The physician's inability to practice medicine with reasonable skill and safety to the patient due to the physician's disability. Common causes include alcohol and drug abuse, mental illness, physical disability, and senility.
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