Is emergency right hemicolectomy still associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates? An institution's experience of 207 cases over 6 years.
Summary of "Is emergency right hemicolectomy still associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates? An institution's experience of 207 cases over 6 years."
Emergency right hemicolectomy has been associated with dismal outcome. But, data in Asians is lacking as pathologies that require emergency right hemicolectomy may differ from that in the Western population. The aims of our study were to review our institution's experience with emergency right hemicolectomies and to identify factors that could predict the per-operative outcome.
A retrospective review of all patients who underwent emergency right hemicolectomy from August 2003 to April 2008 was performed. Emergency right hemicolectomy was defined as a right colectomy, comprising of an ileo-colic resection, in the emergency setting without the benefit of preoperative bowel preparation. All the complications were graded according to the classification proposed by Clavien and group.
A total of 207 patients, median age 62 years (range, 19-94 years), underwent emergency right hemicolectomy during the study period. Neoplasia and complicated diverticular disease were the most common pathologies in 46.4% and 21.7%, respectively. Intestinal obstruction (44.4%) and perforation (26.6%) were the two main indications for surgical intervention in our series. Twenty (9.7%) patients died, and another 39 patients (18.8%) had severe complications. Eight (3.9%) patients had anastomotic dehiscence, while burst abdomen was seen in ten (4.8%) patients. The two independent factors associated with worse outcome were high ASA score and stoma creation. Factors such as age and site of perforation were not related.
Emergency right hemicolectomy is associated with a significant morbidity and mortality rate. Patients with higher ASA score and who had stoma created fared worse.
Department of General Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore, 308433, Singapore, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of colorectal disease
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21503660
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-011-1203-y
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Emergency Medical Technicians
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
Evidence-based Emergency Medicine
A way of providing emergency medical care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise in EMERGENCY MEDICINE. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Emergency Medical Services
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
Emergency Service, Hospital
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
AIM: The aim of this study is to present our patients with laparoscopic right hemicolectomy due to cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2005 and 2009, laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for cancer was...
PURPOSE: Our aim was to investigate the importance of the ileocaecal valve and its reconstruction in patients that are not suffering from short bowel syndrome and Crohn's disease. METHODS: Casenotes o...
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: We present the first 7 cases of single site right hemicolectomy in Asia using the new Single Site Laparoscopy (SSL) access system from Ethicon Endo-surgery. METHODS: Right hemi...
PURPOSE: Proximal colonic atresia often results in a marked discrepancy of the atretic ends presenting a technical challenge for restoration of bowel continuity. We review our series of colonic atresi...
INTRODUCTION: Patients presenting acutely with symptomatic gallstone-related disease have historically had their laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) deferred due to perceived increased operative risks i...
The operation used for treating cancer in this location of the colon is called right hemicolectomy. Currently the investigators have two methods of minimal access approach to the abdominal...
This is a phase III, multicenter, open label, pilot to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of parecoxib 40 mg IV in the treatment of the pain following hemicolectomy in an optimal m...
The recent introduction of robotic surgical system has revolutionized the field of minimally invasive surgery. The investigators hypothesized that adoption of a robotic surgical system for...
To test the hypotheses that hypertensive emergency was associated with non-compliance with antihypertensive medication, low level of contact with the medical care system, and alcohol abuse...
Emergency contraception is a method of birth control that can be used up to three days after sexual intercourse. Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) can be given to a woman before she ne...