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Name: Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical
We explored incidence, predictors, and long-term prognosis of hospital admissions attributed to reflex syncope and orthostatic hypotension.
Syncope represents one of the most frequent reasons for consultation in the emergency department. A proper identification will allow a precise etiologic approach and the optimization of delivery of he...
Over the past 30 years, noninvasive beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) monitoring has provided great insight into cardiovascular autonomic regulation during standing. Although traditional sphygmomanomet...
The features of orthostatic hypotension in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies are considered. The early diagnosis of these disorders could prevent adverse conditions (falls and syncopes), improve...
Syncope is a prevalent syndrome with diverse causes, which have in common a sudden transient failure of the autonomic nervous system to maintain blood pressure against the force of gravity at a level ...
Drug therapy for patients suffering from autonomic failure and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension are scarce and not effective. If left untreated, these patients have the highest risk of s...
ISSUE 3 is a multi-center, prospective, randomised controlled double-blind study aimed to assess the effectiveness of pacemaker therapy for prevention of asystolic neurally-mediated synco...
This multiple-center, randomized, 2 part, single- and double-blind study will be conducted in male and female subjects with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension to evaluate the effect of TD-...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Fipamezole is effective in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension and related symptoms in multiple system atrophy and Parkinson's diseas...
The aim of the study is to evaluate whether orthostatic hypotension is associated with nondipping hypertension. Methods and patients: 400 subjects who are referred for 24hABPM will be fil...
Symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion or autonomic overaction which develop while the subject is standing, but are relieved on recumbency. Types of this include NEUROCARDIOGENIC SYNCOPE; POSTURAL ORTHOSTATIC TACHYCARDIA SYNDROME; and neurogenic ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION. (From Noseworthy, JH., Neurological Therapeutics Principles and Practice, 2007, p2575-2576)
A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.
A syndrome of ORTHOSTATIC INTOLERANCE combined with excessive upright TACHYCARDIA, and usually without associated ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION. All variants have in common an excessively reduced venous return to the heart (central HYPOVOLEMIA) while upright.
An autosomal disorder of the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems limited to individuals of Ashkenazic Jewish descent. Clinical manifestations are present at birth and include diminished lacrimation, defective thermoregulation, orthostatic hypotension (HYPOTENSION, ORTHOSTATIC), fixed pupils, excessive SWEATING, loss of pain and temperature sensation, and absent reflexes. Pathologic features include reduced numbers of small diameter peripheral nerve fibers and autonomic ganglion neurons. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1348; Nat Genet 1993;4(2):160-4)
A degenerative disease of the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM that is characterized by idiopathic ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION and a greatly reduced level of CATECHOLAMINES. No other neurological deficits are present.