Social Location, Social Integration, and the Co-occurrence of Substance Abuse and Psychological Distress.
Summary of "Social Location, Social Integration, and the Co-occurrence of Substance Abuse and Psychological Distress."
Background: In the United States, social stratification has generally led individuals occupying lower social locations to have more health problems than other individuals, even acknowledging that social groups are distinguished by their particular manifestations of health problems. Objectives: This study examined whether two social integration factors, marriage and religiosity, mediate the relationship between social location and co-occurrence of substance abuse and psychological distress and the nature of this relationship. Methods: Multinomial logistic regression was conducted on data from a national sample of 34,650 adults mostly between the ages of 18 to 35, collected through the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Results: White males who were lesser educated and living in poverty were more likely to exhibit co-occuring substance abuse and psychological distress than their demographically similar counterparts. Additionally, being married and religious appeared to be protective factors within the overall study cohort with fewer co-occurring behaviors reported. Conclusion: The data generally confirm the hypothesis concerning mediating roles for religiosity and marriage. Scientific Significance: Confirmation that marriage and religiosity can protect adults against co-occurring substance abuse and psychological distress potentially provides the information necessary to better target health policy and interventions that serve to further enhance the population's mental health.
Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21517706
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00952990.2011.568079
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
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