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Various types of bladder dysfunction are associated with urinary tract infection, renal damage and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). In this article the influence of functional bladder disturbances such as detrusor instability (overactive bladder, OAB) and bladder sphincter dyssynergia (dysfunctional voiding), on the resolution of vesicoureteral reflux are reviewed. In summary, it is important to distinguish between children with dysfunctional voiding (increased activity of the pelvic floor during voiding) and those with OAB (detrusor overactivity during filling) because the latter has less effects on VUR.
Kinderurologie, Klinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45122, Essen, Deutschland, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
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Retrograde flow of urine from the URINARY BLADDER into the URETER. This is often due to incompetence of the vesicoureteral valve leading to ascending bacterial infection into the KIDNEY.
Dysfunction of the URINARY BLADDER due to disease of the central or peripheral nervous system pathways involved in the control of URINATION. This is often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, but may also be caused by BRAIN DISEASES or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES.
Retrograde bile flow. Reflux of bile can be from the duodenum to the stomach (DUODENOGASTRIC REFLUX); to the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX); or to the PANCREAS.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
A condition with damage to the lining of the lower ESOPHAGUS resulting from chronic acid reflux (ESOPHAGITIS, REFLUX). Through the process of metaplasia, the squamous cells are replaced by a columnar epithelium with cells resembling those of the INTESTINE or the salmon-pink mucosa of the STOMACH. Barrett's columnar epithelium is a marker for severe reflux and precursor to ADENOCARCINOMA of the esophagus.
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