Identification of high-risk group and therapeutic options in children with liver abscess.
Summary of "Identification of high-risk group and therapeutic options in children with liver abscess."
The outcome of children with liver abscess (LA) depends upon prompt diagnosis and intervention. We evaluated the etiology, clinical profile, various interventional modalities of management and outcome of children with LA. A total of 39 hospitalized children (mean age 7.2 ± 3.9 years) with radiologically proven LA were analyzed. Parenteral antibiotics, percutaneous drainage (PD) or open surgical drainage (OSD) was done as required. Cases with ruptured or impending rupture of LA, upper gastrointestinal bleed, jaundice, pleural effusion or consolidation were labeled as "high risk" cases. Triad of fever, pain and hepatomegaly was the most common presentation. Single abscess was present in 66.7% and right lobe was involved in 69.2% of cases. Majority of LA were pyogenic (PLA, 25/39). Amebic liver abscess (ALA) and PLA had similar clinical and laboratory profile except that multiloculated abscess on ultrasonography was a feature of PLA (12/25 vs. 0/11; p = 0.006). Cases with ALA settled significantly more often with antibiotics alone (5/11 vs. 3/25; p = 0.04) than PLA and none required surgery (0/11 vs. 7/25; p = 0.03). Subjects with "high-risk" LA (n - 26) had significantly larger abscesses, more polymorphonuclear leucocytosis (74 ± 15% vs. 61 ± 13%; p = 0.01) in peripheral blood and need of drainage (24/26 vs. 7/13; p = 0.03) than patients with average-risk LA. Based on the results, 38/39 children recovered, with complete abscess resolution in 28, over 48 ± 63.8 days. In conclusion, ALA, although similar in presentation, are uniloculated, and patients with ALA recover more often without drainage than patients with PLA. Patients with "high risk" LA are more common and have a good outcome with drainage. PD, being safe, efficacious and less invasive than OSD, should be the preferred drainage procedure.
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow, 226 014, Uttar Pradesh, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of pediatrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21537924
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-011-1481-y
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Risk Reduction Behavior
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
An organization of insurers or reinsurers through which particular types of risk are shared or pooled. The risk of high loss by a particular insurance company is transferred to the group as a whole (the insurance pool) with premiums, losses, and expenses shared in agreed amounts.
Safety-based Drug Withdrawals
Removal of a drug from the market due to the identification of an intrinsic property of the drug that results in a serious risk to public health.
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Early Intervention (education)
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
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