Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This study is designed to determine the simultaneous effect of aluminium (Al) and melatonin (Mel) treatment in intact and ovariectomized (Ovx) female rats on oxidative stress and their inter-organ relationship in the kidney and liver. Al-treated rats received an intra-peritoneal injection of solution of aluminium lactate (0.575 mg Al/100 g of body weight, three times a week), during 12 weeks. Mel groups received intra-peritoneal injections of melatonin at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day, 5 days/week, during 12 weeks. The results of this study showed that Al treatment in female rats modifies homeostasis of glutathione and the antioxidant capacity of the rat liver and kidney. The alteration of glutathione homeostasis and oxidative status was not associated with an increased lipid peroxidation in both organs with the exception of the increase observed in the liver of Ovx rats. Al also induced modifications in the activity of some enzymes related to the glutathione cycle: GSH-Px in the liver and kidney and glutathione reductase only in the kidney. Al exposure decreased CAT activity in both the kidney and liver of intact and Ovx groups. The administration of Mel in the intact and castrated females treated with Al seems to reduce oxidative changes in the liver and kidney of intact and Ovx rats.
Laboratorio de Investigaciones Fisiológicas Experimentales. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Ciudad Universitaria, Paraje El Pozo. CC 242, 3000, Santa Fe, Argentina, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biological trace element research
Estrogen deficiency and hypertension are considered major risk factors for the development of coronary heart disease. On the other hand, exercise training is considered an effective form to prevent an...
In the past few years possible mechanisms that link diabetes and depression have been found. One of these mechanisms is the increase in lipid peroxidation and decrease in antioxidant activity in the h...
Oxidative stress increase induces cellular damage and apoptosis activation, a mechanism believed to represent a final common pathway correlated to sarcopenia and many skeletal muscle disorders. The go...
Background Phenylhydrazine (PHE) in experimental animal models has been widely reported to cause haemolytic anaemia, via the induction of oxidative stress and thus causing deleterious cardiovascular c...
The present study investigated the anti-aging effects of melatonin on the myocardial mitochondria of D-galactose-aged rats and associated mechanisms. A total of 30 male Sprague‑Dawley (SD) rats were...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with melatonin can reduce cell damage and inflammation in connection with laparoscopic gall bladder surgery.
Melatonin is well known for its role in the sleep-wake cycle but it is less well known as an effective antioxidant. It has been reported to be synthesised in the placenta and may have both...
The purpose of the study is to examine whether Klacid® (Clarithromycin) will induce oxidative stress (stress from oxygen) in healthy subjects. This is done by measuring the content of a p...
The role of oxidative stress in disease pathology is increasingly recognized. At present, the development of biomarkers of this state is in its infancy and the availability of clinically v...
Our hypothesis is that oxidative stress induced during repeated apneas in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients alters the neural control of breathing which destabilizes ventilatory contr...
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).
A family of G-protein-coupled receptors that are specific for and mediate the effects of MELATONIN. Activation of melatonin receptors has been associated with decreased intracellular CYCLIC AMP and increased hydrolysis of PHOSPHOINOSITIDES.
A group of conditions due to overexposure to or overexertion in excess environmental temperature. It includes heat cramps, which are non-emergent and treated by salt replacement; HEAT EXHAUSTION, which is more serious, treated with fluid and salt replacement; and HEAT STROKE, a condition most commonly affecting extremes of age, especially the elderly, accompanied by convulsions, delusions, or coma and treated with cooling the body and replacement of fluids and salts. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...