Telomere and 45S rDNA sequences are structurally linked on the chromosomes in Chrysanthemum segetum L.
Summary of "Telomere and 45S rDNA sequences are structurally linked on the chromosomes in Chrysanthemum segetum L."
Some reports have shown that nucleolar organizer regions are located at the telomeric region and have a structural connection with telomeres at the cellular level in many organisms. In this study, we found that all 45S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) signals were located at telomeric regions on the chromosomes in Chrysanthemum segetum L., and the 45S rDNA showed distinct signal patterns on different metaphase chromosome spreads. The bicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization experiment on the extended fibers revealed that telomere repeats were structurally connected with or interspersed into rDNA sequences. The close cytological structure relation between rDNA and telomere sequences led us to use PCR with combinations of the telomere primer and the rDNA primer to obtain some fragments, which were flanked by different rDNA and telomere primer sequences. One representative clone CHS2 contains closely connected rDNA and telomere sequences, suggesting that the telomere sequence invaded into the conserved rDNA sequence. In addition, the sequences of some PCR clones were flanked by the single telomeric primer sequence or the rDNA primer sequence. These results suggested that homologous recombination occurred between tandem repeat units of rDNA sequences or telomere repeats at the chromosome terminus.
State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, People's Republic of China.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21537919
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-011-0279-0
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Telomeric Repeat Binding Protein 1
A ubiquitously expressed telomere-binding protein that is present at TELOMERES throughout the CELL CYCLE. It is a suppressor of telomere elongation and may be involved in stabilization of telomere length. It is structurally different from TELOMERIC REPEAT BINDING PROTEIN 2 in that it contains acidic N-terminal amino acid residues.
Telomeric Repeat Binding Protein 2
A ubiquitously expressed telomere-binding protein that is present at TELOMERES throughout the cell cycle. It is a suppressor of telomere elongation and may be involved in stabilization of telomere length. It is structurally different from TELOMERIC REPEAT BINDING PROTEIN 1 in that it contains basic N-terminal amino acid residues.
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, elements such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, that are required for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance in progeny cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.
Proteins that specifically bind to TELOMERES. Proteins in this class include those that perform functions such as telomere capping, telomere maintenance and telomere stabilization.
Chromosomes, Artificial, Human
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, all elements, such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, required for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance in progeny human cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.
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