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: This review summarizes recent developments in the total synthesis of morphine alkaloids and some of the semisynthetic derivatives. The literature is covered for the period of 5 years after the publication of the last review in 2005. The syntheses that appeared in this period are covered in detail and are placed in the context of all syntheses of opiate alkaloids since the original one published by Gates in 1952. The introduction covers the historical aspects of total synthesis of these alkaloids. The synthesis of some of the medicinally useful derivatives is reviewed in the last section along with some of the methodology required for their preparation.
Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Straße 38, 1090, Vienna, Austria, firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Name: Topics in current chemistry
The synthesis of new agelastatin alkaloid derivatives and their anticancer evaluation in the context of the breast cancer microenvironment is described. A variety of N1-alkyl and C5-ether agelastatin ...
This review discusses the synthetic methods used to tritiate nonmorphinan alkaloids as well as their applications.
On-surface synthesis has gradually become a prevalent approach to construct two-dimensional functional monolayers on various substrates. In the present work, the synthesis of self-assembled monolayers...
(S,R)-N-PINAP was identified to be the chiral ligand for highly enantioselective CuI-catalyzed reaction of tetrahydroisoquinolines (THIQs), alkynes, and 2-bromobenzaldehyde derivatives. This enables u...
Obesity is associated with many pathophysiological changes that may result in altered drug metabolism. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of obesity on the pharmacokinetics of morph...
This study aims to compare the effect of spinal morphine between the dose 0.05 mg and 0.1 mg on the amount of morphine during the first 24 hours postoperative.
RATIONALE: Morphine that is inhaled may be more rapidly absorbed than morphine that is given by mouth. It is not yet known if inhaled morphine is more effective than morphine given by mout...
This is a randomized Phase II study testing the effectiveness of the combination of morphine and methadone versus morphine alone in relieving pain. A second goal is to further evaluate any...
This study evaluates postoperative numerical pain score and systemic opioid requirement within 48 hours for unilateral total knee arthroplasty. Comparing among 3 groups of intrathecal morp...
Pruritus is the commonest side effect of intrathecal morphine especially in parturient, but the exact mechanism of pruritus is not clear. Many mechanisms have been suggested. Among these m...
Analogs or derivatives of morphine.
Morphine derivatives of the methanobenzazocine family that act as potent analgesics.
The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.
The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.
An opioid analgesic made from MORPHINE and used mainly as an analgesic. It has a shorter duration of action than morphine.