Pulsatile multiparticulate drug delivery system for metoprolol succinate.
Summary of "Pulsatile multiparticulate drug delivery system for metoprolol succinate."
Cardiovascular diseases and their treatment pose a great challenge. Many instances of cardiovascular disease occur in the early morning hours. Hence, the objective of this study was to develop a time-controlled release formulation of metoprolol succinate based on a pulsatile multiparticulate (pellets) drug delivery system. The formulation was intended to be administered in the evening at 22:00 hours to evaluate symptoms of cardiovascular disease that are experienced in the early morning hours (from 04:00 to 06:00). Drug layering followed by a swelling layer and finally by an insoluble coat application was done using a Sanmour fluid bed processor. Metoprolol succinate layered on sugar pellets (74% w/w) layered with 20% (w/w) ion doshion resin P-547 and coated with 15% (w/w) ethocel with the addition of 20% castor oil showed a lag time of 4 h and was then followed a sigmoidal release pattern with more than 95% drug having been released by the 10(th) h.
MAEER's Maharashtra Institute of Pharmacy, Pune, 411 038, Maharashtra, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of pharmacal research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21547667
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12272-011-0303-0
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Drug Delivery Systems
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Enzymes that catalyze the first step leading to the oxidation of succinic acid by the reversible formation of succinyl-CoA from succinate and CoA with the concomitant cleavage of ATP to ADP (EC 184.108.40.206) or GTP to GDP (EC 220.127.116.11) and orthophosphate. Itaconate can act instead of succinate and ITP instead of GTP.EC 6.2.1.-.
An enzyme that plays a role in the GLUTAMATE and butanoate metabolism pathways by catalyzing the oxidation of succinate semialdehyde to SUCCINATE using NAD+ as a coenzyme. Deficiency of this enzyme, causes 4-hydroxybutyricaciduria, a rare inborn error in the metabolism of the neurotransmitter 4-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
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