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Medulloblastomas are malignant primitive neuro-ectodermal neoplasms of childhood. In adults, clinical manifestations, imaging and prognosis can be different from that observed in children. Three adult patients with confirmed diagnoses of medulloblastoma are discussed in this report. They presented with unusually prolonged clinical courses and with imaging more suggestive of L'hermitte-Duclos disease. Medulloblastoma should be considered in all adults with posterior fossa masses despite having clinical and radiological features suggestive of a low-grade tumour. Definitive diagnosis requires histological confirmation in all cases.
Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, G51 4TF, UK, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta neurochirurgica
To assess the long-term outcomes and objective response (OR) to preradiation chemotherapy and radiation in adult high-risk medulloblastoma.
Multifocal medulloblastomas (MMBs) in adults are exceedingly rare with only 5 reported cases to date. Medulloblastoma in adult differ from its childhood counterpart by being more often lateral in loca...
In response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, activation of pancreatic ER kinase (PERK) coordinates an adaptive program known as the integrated stress response (ISR) by phosphorylating translation...
Desmoplastic medulloblastoma is a rare subtype of medulloblastoma in childhood and more rare in adults. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) occurrence is frequent and important for treatment and prognosis. We r...
This phase II trial is studying how well vismodegib works in treating adult patients with recurrent or refractory medulloblastoma. Vismodegib may slow the growth of tumor cells and may be ...
This is a two arm Phase I study within the Pacific Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Consortium (PNOC). This study will look to determine the safety and recommended phase 2 dose of the modified ...
Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, cisplatin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy us...
This phase II trial is studying giving radiation therapy together with combination chemotherapy after surgery to see how well it works in treating children with newly diagnosed medulloblas...
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability profile of TB-403 (humanized monoclonal antibody against placental growth factor (PlGF)) in pediatric subjects with relap...
A malignant neoplasm that may be classified either as a glioma or as a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of childhood (see NEUROECTODERMAL TUMOR, PRIMITIVE). The tumor occurs most frequently in the first decade of life with the most typical location being the cerebellar vermis. Histologic features include a high degree of cellularity, frequent mitotic figures, and a tendency for the cells to organize into sheets or form rosettes. Medulloblastoma have a high propensity to spread throughout the craniospinal intradural axis. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2060-1)
So-called atypical species of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM. They are also called tuberculoid bacilli, i.e.: M. buruli, M. chelonae, M. duvalii, M. flavescens, M. fortuitum, M. gilvum, M. gordonae, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. obuense, M. scrofulaceum, M. szulgai, M. terrae, M. ulcerans, M. xenopi.
Infections with so called atypical mycobacteria (tuberculoid bacilli): M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. scrofulaceum, M. flavescens, M. gordonae, M. obuense, M. gilvum, M. duvali, M. szulgai, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. xenopi (littorale), M. ulcerans, M. buruli, M. terrae, M. fortuitum (minetti, giae), M. chelonae.
Abnormal immunoglobulins synthesized by atypical cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. Paraproteins containing only light chains lead to Bence Jones paraproteinemia, while the presence of only atypical heavy chains leads to heavy chain disease. Most of the paraproteins show themselves as an M-component (monoclonal gammopathy) in electrophoresis. Diclonal and polyclonal paraproteins are much less frequently encountered.
A group of rare autosomal dominant diseases, commonly characterized by atypical URTICARIA (hives) with systemic symptoms that develop into end-organ damage. The atypical hives do not involve T-cell or autoantibody. Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome includes three previously distinct disorders: Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome; Muckle-Wells Syndrome; and CINCA Syndrome, that are now considered to represent a disease continuum, all caused by NLRP3 protein mutations.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...