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Skeletal myoblast differentiation is controlled by a multitude of transcription factors and signal pathways. Myogenin is a critical transcriptional regulator in the initiation and maintenance of myoblast differentiation. The Akt/FoxO1 signal pathway plays an important role in myoblast differentiation. MicroRNAs are a kind of small noncoding RNAs that have been regarded as important regulators in skeletal muscle cell proliferation and differentiation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of microRNA-27a (miR-27a) on myogenin expression and Akt/FoxO1 signal pathway during porcine myoblast differentiation. Here, we found that the expression of miR-27a was gradually diminished at the early differentiation stage and then rebounded. Overexpression of miR-27a suppressed the mRNA and protein expression levels of myogenin during porcine myoblast differentiation, whereas inhibition of miR-27a promoted the mRNA and protein expression levels of myogenin. In addition, overexpression of miR-27a decreased the level of P-Akt/Akt and increased the protein level of FoxO1; however, inhibition of miR-27a increased the level of P-Akt/Akt and decreased the protein level of FoxO1. The present study demonstrated that miR-27a could inhibit myogenin expression and Akt/FoxO1 signal pathway during porcine myoblast differentiation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Animal biotechnology
Nuclear FOXOs mediate cell cycle arrest and promote apoptosis. FOXOs and p53 could have similar effects as tumor suppressor genes. In spite of extensive literature, little is known about the role of F...
Tryptophan is metabolized along the kynurenine and serotonin pathways, resulting in formation of kynurenine metabolites, neuroactive serotonin and melatonin. Each pathway is critical for maintaining h...
In the present study, we analyzed the role of microRNA-194 circulating regulated human melanoma cell growth. We found that microRNA-194 expression was markedly suppressed in human melanoma patients, c...
The c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) plays an important role in the regulation of cell apoptosis. Forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factors are involved in diverse biological processes, includi...
Understanding and blocking the self-renewal pathway of pre-leukemia stem cells could prevent acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse. In this study we show that increased FOXO1 represents a critical mech...
The purpose of the study is to find out the differential expression profiling of microRNA before and after adiministration of dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing procedures, and then in...
This investigation will examine the impact of skeletal muscle glycogen stores on skeletal muscle and circulating microRNA expression and exogenous carbohydrate oxidation. Primary Objectiv...
This projective observational study is planned to enroll more than 300 advanced breast cancer patients, who were proved as Her-2 positive using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) an...
The present study is based on hypotheses that some as yet unknown genetic factors may result in recurrent miscarriage (RM). Consequently, the main aim of this study was to gain new informa...
It has been reported that volatile anesthetics preconditioning mediates protection of organ via microRNA. We want to study on the effects of isoflurane preconditioning on expression of mic...
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activa
Chemically-engineered oligonucleotides used to selectively inhibit expression of target genes through sequence-specific binding of corresponding microRNA (miRNA) sites.
A myogenic regulatory factor that controls myogenesis. Myogenin is induced during differentiation of every skeletal muscle cell line that has been investigated, in contrast to the other myogenic regulatory factors that only appear in certain cell types.
An intracellular signaling system involving the MAP kinase cascades (three-membered protein kinase cascades). Various upstream activators, which act in response to extracellular stimuli, trigger the cascades by activating the first member of a cascade, MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES; (MAPKKKs). Activated MAPKKKs phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES which in turn phosphorylate the MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES; (MAPKs). The MAPKs then act on various downstream targets to affect gene expression. In mammals, there are several distinct MAP kinase pathways including the ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) pathway, the SAPK/JNK (stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun kinase) pathway, and the p38 kinase pathway. There is some sharing of components among the pathways depending on which stimulus originates activation of the cascade.
The effects on gene expression that depend on the location of a gene with respect to its neighboring genes and region of chromosome. Stable position effects are sequence dependent. Variegated position effects depend on whether the gene is located in or adjacent to HETEROCHROMATIN or EUCHROMATIN.
A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals, and some viruses. Key findings: miRNA is involved in the normal functioning of eukaryotic cells, so has dysregulation...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...