Capillary waves of compressible fluids.
Summary of "Capillary waves of compressible fluids."
The interplay of thermal noise and molecular forces is responsible for surprising features of liquids on sub-micrometer lengths-in particular at interfaces. Not only does the surface tension depend on the size of an applied distortion and nanoscopic thin liquid films dewet faster than would be expected from hydrodynamics, but also the dispersion relation of capillary waves differ at the nanoscale from the familiar macroscopic behavior. Starting with the stochastic Navier-Stokes equation we study the coupling of capillary waves to acoustic surface waves which is possible in compressible fluids. We find propagating 'acoustic-capillary waves' at nanometer wavelengths where in incompressible fluids capillary waves are overdamped.
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Staudtstraße 7, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21508481
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/23/18/184103
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