Forensic odontology, part 5. Child abuse issues.
Summary of "Forensic odontology, part 5. Child abuse issues."
Child abuse, child maltreatment, non-accidental injury and child homicide: all terms that are hard to believe exist in the 21st civilised century, but non-accidental injury of children is a major problem, crossing all socioeconomic, ethnic and educational groups, and is happening all over the world. Available statistics on child abuse and deaths related to abuse are frightening, and as many cases are not reported, actual numbers are likely to be much higher. This paper aims to increase understanding of child abuse issues and encourage the dental team to be alert to the possibility of abuse, recognise the physical injuries and make referrals to the appropriate agency if necessary. In child abuse cases physical injuries to the head and facial area are common while other types of abuse are less visible but are damaging to a vulnerable child in other ways. Keeping children safe is a shared responsiblity and a top priority for all of us.
Forensic Odontologist, New Zealand.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: British dental journal
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21566612
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2011.332
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Adult Survivors Of Child Abuse
Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.
Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Child Abuse, Sexual
Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)
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