Nanocontact heteroepitaxy of thin GaSb and AlGaSb films on Si substrates using ultrahigh-density nanodot seeds.
Summary of "Nanocontact heteroepitaxy of thin GaSb and AlGaSb films on Si substrates using ultrahigh-density nanodot seeds."
A film of GaSb grown epitaxially on a Si substrate is a direct transition semiconductor useful for application as a light source in Si photonics and channel material in next-generation field effect transistors because its energy bandgap is close to the optical fibre communication wavelength and it possesses high carrier mobility. Here, we report a novel method for heteroepitaxial growth of high-quality GaSb/Si films, despite having a lattice mismatch as large as ∼ 12%, using elastically strain-relaxed GaSb nanodots with ultrahigh density as seed crystals for film growth. The nanodot seed crystals were grown epitaxially by restricted contact with the Si substrate through nanowindows in an ultrathin SiO(2) film on the Si substrate. A light-emitting diode containing GaSb/Si films with a thickness of ∼ 90 nm fabricated by this method operated at room temperature. The growth method was also used to fabricate AlGaSb films of high quality. Our method provides a new avenue for heteroepitaxial growth of high-quality film in systems with large lattice mismatch.
Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21576805
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/22/26/265301
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