Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on apnea-hypopnea index in obstructive sleep apnea based on long-term compliance.
Summary of "Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on apnea-hypopnea index in obstructive sleep apnea based on long-term compliance."
Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the gold standard in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), its effectiveness depends on the regular use. In this retrospective study, the effectiveness of CPAP with regard to the reduction of the apnea-hypopnea index was calculated based on individual adherence data extracted from a cohort of patients with OSA
The electronic database was analyzed for follow-up visits of patients receiving CPAP for OSA. The following information was extracted the charts of 750 patients: apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) at diagnosis, AHI with CPAP, duration of therapy, hours of CPAP use, and subjective hours of sleep. Eighty-two successfully treated and stable CPAP patients (AHI/Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) at baseline 35.6 ± 22.1/10.5 ± 5.1) could be further evaluated.
Mean AHI under CPAP was 2.4 ± 2.5 with an ESS of 6.9 ± 4.2. Subjective hours of sleep were 6.5 ± 1.1. The average treatment period was 584.6 ± 566.5 days (3,800 h of sleep). Mean hours of use was 2,712 ± 3,234 (4.69 ± 2.42 per night). This leads to the following calculated measures: hours of sleep without CPAP, 1,088; number of respiratory events with CPAP, 6508.8; number of respiratory events without CPAP, 38,732.8; total number or respiratory events, 45,241.6; average AHI, 11.91.
Even in an ideal group of patients, CPAP cannot eliminate respiratory events due to limited adherence. Adherence needs to be taken into account when comparing the effects of CPAP on the AHI with alternative treatment methods, especially those with 100% adherence (e.g., surgery).
Sleep Disorders Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21590521
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-011-0527-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Intermittent Positive-pressure Ventilation
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Positive-pressure Respiration, Intrinsic
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Intermittent Positive-pressure Breathing
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
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