Alemtuzumab in kidney-transplant recipients.
Summary of "Alemtuzumab in kidney-transplant recipients."
Over the past decade, the use of induction therapy in organ-transplant recipients to intensify immunosuppression during the peritransplantation period has contributed to a reduction in early rejection rates and graft loss in the first year after transplantation. It is now common practice to select from among available induction therapies on the basis of risk-benefit considerations for the individual patient. As of 2008, induction agents were administered in 82% of kidney recipients. These agents were administered less often in lung (57%), heart (47%), and liver (26%) recipients; such recipients usually received less potent agents that do not deplete T cells.(1) Induction . . .
From the Divisions of Transplant Surgery (J.F.M.) and Infectious Diseases (J.A.F.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The New England journal of medicine
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21591949
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMe1103002
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Non-cadaveric providers of organs for transplant to related or non-related recipients.
Identification of the major histocompatibility antigens of transplant DONORS and potential recipients, usually by serological tests. Donor and recipient pairs should be of identical ABO blood group, and in addition should be matched as closely as possible for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in order to minimize the likelihood of allograft rejection. (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Immunoglobulin preparations used in intravenous infusion, containing primarily IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. They are used to treat a variety of diseases associated with decreased or abnormal immunoglobulin levels including pediatric AIDS; primary HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA; SCID; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS infections in transplant recipients, LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC; Kawasaki syndrome, infection in neonates, and IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA.
Kidney Papillary Necrosis
A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.
The outer zone of the KIDNEY, beneath the capsule, consisting of KIDNEY GLOMERULUS; KIDNEY TUBULES, DISTAL; and KIDNEY TUBULES, PROXIMAL.
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Transplant rejection occurs when a patient's body does not recognize the new organ and attacks it. Patients who have kidney transplants must take drugs to prevent transplant rejection. Ale...