Contrast-enhanced sonography for blunt force abdominal trauma.
Summary of "Contrast-enhanced sonography for blunt force abdominal trauma."
With the introduction of second generation ultrasound contrast agents, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has become available as an adjunct to the conventional FAST (focused assessment with sonography in trauma) protocol and B-mode sonography of the abdomen after blunt force abdominal trauma. Results from several controlled studies indicate excellent diagnostic accuracy of CEUS for the exclusion of clinically relevant parenchymal injuries after blunt force abdominal trauma. Particularly in younger, hemodynamically stable patients this technique could contribute to a reliable exclusion of parenchymal injuries without the use of ionizing radiation. This report provides details on the technical performance of CEUS, shows examples of typical CEUS findings after blunt abdominal trauma and summarizes the current clinical evidence regarding the use of CEUS after blunt abdominal trauma.
Institut für Klinische Radiologie, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Campus Großhadern, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, München, Deutschland, Florian.Schwarz@med.lmu.de.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Radiologe
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21607763
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-010-2103-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Carotid Artery Injuries
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
Abdominal Wound Closure Techniques
Methods to repair breaks in abdominal tissues caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions during abdominal surgery.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.
The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
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