Biosynthesis of polyketides by trans-AT polyketide synthases.

Summary of "Biosynthesis of polyketides by trans-AT polyketide synthases."

This review discusses the biosynthesis of natural products that are generated by trans-AT polyketide synthases, a family of catalytically versatile enzymes that have recently been recognized as one of the major group of proteins involved in the production of bioactive polyketides. 436 references are cited.


Kekulé Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Natural product reports
ISSN: 1460-4752
Pages: 996-1047


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [1929 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

In vitro investigation of crosstalk between fatty acid and polyketide synthases in the andrimid biosynthetic assembly line.

Andrimid (Adm) synthase, which belongs to the type-II system of enzymes, produces Adm in Pantoea agglomerans. The adm biosynthetic gene cluster lacks canonical acyltransferases (ATs) to load the malon...

2-Alkylquinolone Alkaloid Biosynthesis in the Medicinal Plant Evodia rutaecarpa Involves Collaboration of Two Novel Type III Polyketide Synthases.

2-Alkylquinolone (2AQ) alkaloids are pharmaceutically and biologically important natural products produced by both bacteria and plants, with a wide range of biological effects, including antibacterial...

Discriminating the reaction types of plant type III polyketide synthases.

Functional prediction of paralogs is challenging in bioinformatics because of rapid functional diversification after gene duplication events combined with parallel acquisitions of similar functions by...

Enabling techniques in the search for new antibiotics: combinatorial biosynthesis of sugar-containing antibiotics.

Nature has a talent for inventing a vast number of natural products, including hybrids generated by blending different scaffolds, resulting in a myriad of bioactive chemical entities. Herein, we revie...

Leveraging microbial biosynthetic pathways for the generation of 'drop-in' biofuels.

Advances in retooling microorganisms have enabled bioproduction of 'drop-in' biofuels, fuels that are compatible with existing spark-ignition, compression-ignition, and gas-turbine engines. As the maj...

Clinical Trials [264 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Bioequivalence Between Integrated E-TRANS (Fentanyl) System and Separated (Two-Part) E-TRANS (Fentanyl) System

The purpose of this study is to confirm that the two forms of the device the Integrated E-TRANS (fentanyl HCl) system and the Separated (Two-Part) E-TRANS (fentanyl HCl) System provide the...

Efficiency, Predictability and Security of the Trans-epithelial Photorefractive Keratectomy

The photorefractive keratectomy was the first correction mode refractive laser. It's a photo-ablation of a predetermined thickness of anterior corneal stroma. Debridement of epithelium can...

Desensitization of Nociceptive Afferents by Application of Topical Capsaicin, Trans-cinnamaldehyde and L-menthol

The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential desensitising effects of repeated applications of capsaicin, trans-cinnamaldehyde and L-menthol on thermal, mechanical and chemica...

Effect of Trans Fatty Acids From Ruminant Sources on Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

The objectives of this study are to : 1) determine if vaccenic acid (trans-11-octadecenoic, a naturally occurring trans fatty acid isomer from ruminant animal products) raises LDL choleste...

Efficacy of Endoscopic Transantral Surgical Approach in the Repair of Orbital Blow-Out Fractures

Aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of endoscopic trans-maxillary surgical approach versus traditional trans-orbital surgical approach (control group) in orbital blow out fractures...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Large enzyme complexes composed of a number of component enzymes that are found in STREPTOMYCES which biosynthesize MACROLIDES and other polyketides.

The production of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS by the constituents of a living organism. The biosynthesis of proteins on RIBOSOMES following an RNA template is termed translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). There are other, non-ribosomal peptide biosynthesis (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT) mechanisms carried out by PEPTIDE SYNTHASES and PEPTIDYLTRANSFERASES. Further modifications of peptide chains yield functional peptide and protein molecules.

An anticholesteremic agent that inhibits sterol biosynthesis in animals.

Bacterial proteins that share the property of binding irreversibly to PENICILLINS and other ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS derived from LACTAMS. The penicillin-binding proteins are primarily enzymes involved in CELL WALL biosynthesis including MURAMOYLPENTAPEPTIDE CARBOXYPEPTIDASE; PEPTIDE SYNTHASES; TRANSPEPTIDASES; and HEXOSYLTRANSFERASES.

The joining of RNA from two different genes. One type of trans-splicing is the "spliced leader" type (primarily found in protozoans such as trypanosomes and in lower invertebrates such as nematodes) which results in the addition of a capped, noncoding, spliced leader sequence to the 5' end of mRNAs. Another type of trans-splicing is the "discontinuous group II introns" type (found in plant/algal chloroplasts and plant mitochondria) which results in the joining of two independently transcribed coding sequences. Both are mechanistically similar to conventional nuclear pre-mRNA cis-splicing. Mammalian cells are also capable of trans-splicing.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article