Identification of the prostate cancer index lesion by real-time elastography: considerations for focal therapy of prostate cancer.
Summary of "Identification of the prostate cancer index lesion by real-time elastography: considerations for focal therapy of prostate cancer."
Focal therapy of prostate cancer is gaining more and more interest. One of the drawbacks of focal therapy of prostate cancer is the problem of correct identification of prostate cancer lesions. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of real-time elastography to correctly identify the prostate cancer index lesion. MATERIALS AND
In 32 patients, real-time elastography was performed the day before prostatectomy. During the examination, the location of the main lesion suspicious for prostate cancer was prospectively recorded. Moreover, the results of the randomized multicore biopsies were also used to predict the location of the index lesion. The preoperative elastography results, the biopsy results, and a combined use of elastography and biopsy results were then compared with the pathological results to calculate the diagnostic values for correct index lesion identification.
When using real-time elastography alone to identify the prostate cancer index lesion, sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value, and accuracy were 58.8, 43.3, 54.1, 48.1, and 51.6%, respectively. Data from randomized biopsies alone achieved 67.8, 48.4, 56.8, 60.0, and 58.1%, respectively. The combination of elastography and biopsy data increased the values to, respectively, 84.9, 48.4, 61.9, 75.0, and 66.1%.
In this study, real-time elastography alone did not allow to identify the prostate cancer index lesion with satisfactory reliability. The combination of real-time elastography and data from randomized 12 core biopsies allows promising ability to correctly identify the prostate cancer index lesion.
Department of Urology, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, 232, Boulevard Ste. Marguerite/B.P.: 156, 13273, Marseille, France, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of urology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21614469
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-011-0688-x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Ultrasound, High-intensity Focused, Transrectal
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Prostatic Secretory Proteins
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
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