Inhaled colistin for the treatment of tracheobronchitis and pneumonia in critically ill children without cystic fibrosis.
Summary of "Inhaled colistin for the treatment of tracheobronchitis and pneumonia in critically ill children without cystic fibrosis."
Data regarding the role of inhaled colistin in critically ill pediatric patients without cystic fibrosis are scarce. Three children (one female), admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary-care pediatric hospital in Athens, Greece, during 2004-2009 received inhaled colistin as monotherapy for tracheobronchitis (two children), and as adjunctive therapy for necrotizing pneumonia (one child). Colistin susceptible Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were isolated from the cases' bronchial secretions specimens. All three children received inhaled colistin at a dosage of 75 mg diluted in 3 ml of normal saline twice daily (1,875,000 IU of colistin daily), for a duration of 25, 32, and 15 days, respectively. All three children recovered from the infections. Also, a gradual reduction, and finally total elimination of the microbial load in bronchial secretions was observed during inhaled colistin treatment in the reported cases. All three cases were discharged from the ICU. No bronchoconstriction or any other type of toxicity of colistin was observed. In conclusion, inhaled colistin was effective and safe for the treatment of two children with tracheobronchitis, and one child with necrotizing pneumonia. Further studies are needed to clarify further the role of inhaled colistin in pediatric critically ill patients without cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences (AIBS), Athens, Greece.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric pulmonology
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Cyclic polypeptide antibiotic from Bacillus colistinus. It is composed of Polymyxins E1 and E2 (or Colistins A, B, and C) which act as detergents on cell membranes. Colistin is less toxic than Polymyxin B, but otherwise similar; the methanesulfonate is used orally.
Parainfluenza Virus 3, Human
A species of RESPIROVIRUS frequently isolated from small children with pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhaled rare metal BERYLLIUM or its soluble salts which are used in a wide variety of industry including alloys, ceramics, radiographic equipment, and vacuum tubes. Berylliosis is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction in the upper airway leading to BRONCHIOLITIS; PULMONARY EDEMA; and pneumonia.
A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Illicit use of chemicals and products whose vapors can be inhaled to produce a rapid mind-altering effect. Inhalants include aerosols, gases, and volatile solvents that are often inhaled repeatedly to achieve the short-lived intoxicating effect.
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