Growth kinetics of hydrogen sulfide oxidizing bacteria in corroded concrete from sewers.
Summary of "Growth kinetics of hydrogen sulfide oxidizing bacteria in corroded concrete from sewers."
Hydrogen sulfide oxidation by microbes present on concrete surfaces of sewer pipes is a key process in sewer corrosion. The growth of aerobic sulfur oxidizing bacteria from corroded concrete surfaces was studied in a batch reactor. Samples of corrosion products, containing sulfur oxidizing bacteria, were suspended in aqueous solution at pH similar to that of corroded concrete. Hydrogen sulfide was supplied to the reactor to provide the source of reduced sulfur. The removal of hydrogen sulfide and oxygen was monitored. The utilization rates of both hydrogen sulfide and oxygen suggested exponential bacterial growth with median growth rates of 1.25d(-1) and 1.33d(-1) as determined from the utilization rates of hydrogen sulfide and oxygen, respectively. Elemental sulfur was found to be the immediate product of the hydrogen sulfide oxidation. When exponential growth had been achieved, the addition of hydrogen sulfide was terminated leading to elemental sulfur oxidation. The ratio of consumed sulfur to consumed oxygen suggested that sulfuric acid was the ultimate oxidation product. To the knowledge of the authors, this is the first study to determine the growth rate of bacteria involved in concrete corrosion with hydrogen sulfide as source of reduced sulfur.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hazardous materials
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21440988
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.03.005
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the third gasotransmitter discovered. Sulfide shares with the two others (NO and CO) the same inhibiting properties towards mitochondrial respiration. However, in contrast wi...
This study investigated the potential of aeration control for the achievement of N-removal over nitrite with aerobic granular sludge in sequencing batch reactors. N-removal over nitrite requires less ...
The induction of anoxygenic photosynthesis in the cyanobacterium Oscillatoria limnetica by sulfide was shown to involve the synthesis of a "sulfide oxidizing factor"; this factor, partly adsorbed on t...
Thiomicrospira species are ubiquitously found in various marine environments and appear particularly common in hydrothermal vent systems. Members of this lineage are commonly classified as sulfur-oxid...
Advances in high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology for direct sequencing of environmental DNA (i.e., shotgun metagenomics) are transforming the field of microbiology. NGS technolo...
Oral malodor is a common condition. In most cases this condition results from the proteolytic activity of anaerobic oral bacteria. These bacteria produce volatile sulfide compounds which a...
Previous research has shown the oxidizing properties and microbiological efficacies of chlorine dioxide (ClO2). However, no clinical studies have investigated its microbiological efficacie...
Antifungal shampoos have been used as supplements to oral griseofulvin to help eradicate tinea capitis (also known as ringworm of the scalp) more quickly. While selenium sulfide shampoo h...
The purpose of the study is to establish an in-vitro method to evaluate the effect of probiotics on gas production in feces (hydrogen and methane)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether identification of two different bacteria in urine culture of patients with indwelling catheter has a clinical impact - change in antibioti...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A genus of phototrophic, obligately anaerobic bacteria in the family Chlorobiaceae. They are found in hydrogen sulfide-containing mud and water environments.
A NADPH-dependent oxidase that reduces hydrogen sulfite to HYDROGEN SULFIDE. It is found in many microoganisms.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria capable of reducing sulfur compounds to hydrogen sulfide. Organisms are isolated from anaerobic mud of fresh and salt water, animal intestines, manure, and feces.
A crystalline compound used as a laboratory reagent in place of HYDROGEN SULFIDE. It is a potent hepatocarcinogen.
A flammable, poisonous gas with a characteristic odor of rotten eggs. It is used in the manufacture of chemicals, in metallurgy, and as an analytical reagent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)