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Hepatitis C virus (HCV), a major causative agent of chronic hepatitis, is classified into six major genotypes. Genotype 3 HCV infection is more sensitive to interferon therapy. In India, genotype 3, particularly subtype 3a, HCV infections are common. Three novel HCV subtypes i.e., 3g, 3j, and 3i were identified from India based on partial genomic sequences. This report provides full genome sequences of one isolate each of subtypes 3i and 3a.
Serum samples positive for subtype 3i and 3a HCV RNA based on core region genomic sequences were studied. Complete HCV genomes were amplified as 11 overlapping PCR fragments and sequenced.
The complete genomic sequence of Indian HCV 3i isolate clustered with other genotype 3 sequences, and was closer to subtypes 3b and 3a (80.5% and 79.1% [SD 0.4%] nucleotide identity). Nucleotide similarities were the highest in the core region (86.1-88.7%), and the least in the E2 region (69.4-70.7%). Phylogenetic tree analysis confirmed the existence of a separate subtype 3i. The Indian HCV 3a isolate's complete genomic sequences clustered with previously known genotype 3a sequences with a nucleotide similarity of 91.1% (SD 0.2%). Neither isolates showed evidence of recombination of different HCV genotypes.
The information on complete genomic sequences of the genotype 3 HCV isolates should be helpful in future studies on HCV evolution and classification, and for development of newer therapeutic and preventive strategies against this infection.
National Institute of Virology, 130/1, Sus Road, Pashan, Pune, 411021, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 9 and neuraminidase 2. The H9N2 subtype usually infects domestic birds (POULTRY) but there have been some human infections reported.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 2. The H5N2 subtype has been found to be highly pathogenic in chickens.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 2 and neuraminidase 2. The H2N2 subtype was responsible for the Asian flu pandemic of 1957.
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