Analysis of an Egyptian study on the socioeconomic distribution of depressive symptoms among undergraduates.
Summary of "Analysis of an Egyptian study on the socioeconomic distribution of depressive symptoms among undergraduates."
Worldwide population surveys show that prevalence of mental disorders in developing countries was as common as in industrialized countries. College life is an important stage in every person's life; unfortunately, it may be the time to experience depression for the first time. Latterly, there has been a steady increase in the number of university students diagnosed and treated as depressed patients. This paper presents the results of a study carried out on a representative sample of undergraduate students of an Egyptian University, which aimed to study the relationship between social factors and the occurrence of depression. It was assumed that the poorer the socio-economic background the higher the rates of depression.
Data were collected in 2004 from students at Assiut University using the Zagazig Depression scale (ZDS) and an Egyptian socio-economic status measure. This analysis, based on a refined version of the ZDS used STATA (v. 10.1.). Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate regression models were used to test for associations with the dimensions of SES and depression.
Thirty-seven percent of the students had symptoms scored above the threshold for moderate depression. In the fully adjusted model: faculty of study, father's occupation, family income and number of persons per room were associated with depression in this sample.
The high prevalence of depressive symptoms among Egyptian students found in this study call attention to the need for a student counseling service offering mental health support. This service should particularly discover an approach for low affluence students.
Community Health School, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21626055
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-011-0400-x
Most disadvantaged women are exposed to risk factors for depression, but not all necessarily have an identical risk for this mental health problem. A better prediction of which low socioeconomic statu...
Background:Among patients with heart failure (HF), anxiety symptoms may co-exist with depressive symptoms. However, the extent of overlap and risk factors for anxiety symptoms have not been thoroughly...
Rates of depression among people living with HIV can be as high as 50%. In many settings, HIV-related stigma has been associated with depressive symptoms which may lead to poor engagement in care and...
The present study examined stress generation in a developmental and family context among 171 mothers and their preadolescent children, ages 8-12 years, at baseline (Time 1) and 1-year follow-up (Time...
Using longitudinal data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study, we examine the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and depressive symptoms during adolescence and young adultho...
Observational, non-interventional, transversal, multicenter, open label (No treatment is involved). The primary objective is to detect the prevalence of depressive symptoms in bipolar pati...
This study will measure the impact of treatment with Viagra on the depressive symptoms and quality of life in men with erectile dysfunction who have untreated depressive symptoms meeting t...
Primary Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of DVS-233 SR versus placebo treatment in reducing the relapse rate of depressive symptoms in subjects with major depressive disorder...
The purpose of this study is to learn more about the effects of interferon and ribavirin combination therapy in people with Hepatitis C. The specific aims are: - To assess how often d...
The purpose of this study is to find out if 60 mg of duloxetine given once a day by mouth for 8 weeks to patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder, who also report associated painf...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)
Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.
Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.
A type of analysis in which subjects in a study group and a comparison group are made comparable with respect to extraneous factors by individually pairing study subjects with the comparison group subjects (e.g., age-matched controls).
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.