Laparoscopic repair of large hiatal hernia: impact on dyspnoea.
Summary of "Laparoscopic repair of large hiatal hernia: impact on dyspnoea."
This study aims to examine the impact of laparoscopic repair of large hiatal hernia on dyspnoea severity, respiratory function and quality of life.
From 2004 to 2008, 30 consecutive patients with large para-oesophageal hernia defined as >50% of stomach in the intra-thoracic cavity and minimum follow-up of 2 years were included in this study. All patients had a formal respiratory function test 1 week prior and 3 months after their laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair. Patients rated symptom severity and completed a quality-of-life questionnaire [Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI)] pre-operatively, and post-operatively at 3 months, 6 months and yearly thereafter.
There was no hospital mortality, and the morbidity rate was 10%. In 26 patients with pre-operative dyspnoea, 22 had complete resolution while the remaining 4 had improvement of dyspnoea severity post-operatively. The mean dyspnoea severity index reduced from 2.4 to 1.3 (P < 0.001). Overall, there was 1%, 3% and 3% post-operative increase in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) values for the whole group, none of which reached statistical significance. For patients with resolution or improvement of dyspnoea after laparoscopic repair, no significant change of respiratory function parameters was demonstrated. GIQLI score improved from a pre-operative value of 85.7 to 107.9 post-operatively (P < 0.001).
We failed to show a significant change in post-operative respiratory function despite clearly demonstrated improvement of respiratory symptoms. Alternative explanations for reduction of dyspnoea severity should be sought.
Departments of Upper GI Surgery and Endosurgery, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Sydney, NSW, 2139, Australia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Surgical endoscopy
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21638174
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-011-1768-0
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
STOMACH herniation located at or near the diaphragmatic opening for the ESOPHAGUS, esophageal hiatus. When the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION is above the DIAPHRAGM, it is called a SLIDING HIATAL HERNIA. When the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION is below the DIAPHRAGM, it is called a PARAESOPHAGEAL HIATAL HERNIA.
A pelvic hernia through the obturator foramen, a large aperture in the hip bone normally covered by a membrane. Obturator hernia can lead to intestinal incarceration and INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.
Mobilization of the lower end of the esophagus and plication of the fundus of the stomach around it (fundic wrapping) in the treatment of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX that may be associated with various disorders, such as hiatal hernia. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.
A groin hernia occurring inferior to the inguinal ligament and medial to the FEMORAL VEIN and FEMORAL ARTERY. The femoral hernia sac has a small neck but may enlarge considerably when it enters the subcutaneous tissue of the thigh. It is caused by defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL.
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