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Fluconazole is a recommended treatment option for the treatment of invasive candidiasis. Fluconazole is active against most pathogenic Candida spp. except C. kruzei and C. glabrata. Fluconazole is orally well absorbed. Its volume of distribution is reported to be 0.7-1.0 L/kg and it is weakly bound to plasma proteins. The majority of fluconazole dose is excreted via the kidneys. Usually, fluconazole pharmacokinetics display moderate inter-individual variability. However, in presence of renal dysfunction or in pediatrics patients, fluconazole pharmacokinetics might be difficult to predict. Concentration-efficacy relationships are demonstrated whereas concentration-toxicity relationships are sparse. As a consequence, therapeutic drug monitoring is not routinely recommended but can be useful in certain situations.
Service de Toxicologie et Pharmacocinétique, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
The high prevalence of psoriasis and the high spending on pharmaceuticals motivate a more evidence-based and cost-effective usage of biopharmaceuticals. A growing body of evidence exists that the impl...
The aim was to study the impact of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) on patients on lamotrigine (LTG) therapy and the evaluation of possible drug interactions, especially in triple antiepileptic drug ...
Reliable and easy-to-use liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous analysis of fluconazole, isavuconazole, itraconazole, hydroxy-itraconazole, posaconazole, and voriconazole in human plasma and serum.
A fast and easy-to-use liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the determination and quantification of six triazoles (fluconazole (FLZ), isavuconazole (ISZ), itraconazole ...
Valproic acid (VPA) is widely used as an antiepileptic drug in children, and it is usually co-administered with other antiepileptic drugs. Due to its narrow therapeutic range and large variations in p...
Gemcitabine (2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine) is a nucleoside analog used as a single agent and in combination regimens for the treatment of a variety of solid tumors. Several studies have shown a rel...
Fluconazole is the first-line agent in the treatment of invasive candidiasis. Studies showed inappropriate drug exposure causes high mortality in critically ill patients. Under-dosing and ...
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of anti-HIV drug regimens with or without a protease inhibitor (PI) in HIV infected adolescents. It will also determine if monitor...
The investigators aim to analyse in adolescents with mental illness effectiveness, side effects, and serum level concentrations of antipsychotics (olanzapine and aripiprazole), antidepress...
To evaluate the use of fluconazole as (1) induction therapy in histoplasmosis, (2) maintenance therapy to prevent relapse of histoplasmosis. Histoplasmosis is a serious opportunistic infe...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of concomitant administration with fluconazole, itraconazole, and rifampin on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single 20-mg dose of avat...
An integrated nano-scale approach to MEDICINE which involves concurrent diagnosis, drug delivery, therapy, and monitoring of therapeutic response.
Measurable biological parameters that serve for drug development, safety and dosing (DRUG MONITORING).
Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment or workplace by measuring the amounts of these toxicants in the bodies of people and animals in that environment, among other methods. It also includes the measurement of ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE. Levels in humans and animals are used as indicators of toxic levels of undesirable chemicals.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...