Pouch Size After Gastric Bypass Does not Correlate with Weight Loss Outcome.
Summary of "Pouch Size After Gastric Bypass Does not Correlate with Weight Loss Outcome."
A large gastric pouch is a classic explanation for weight loss problems after gastric bypass. However, several reports have emphasized the role of others, essentially behavorial, factors. We reviewed the outcomes of 151 patients who were operated on over a period of nearly 2 years. 132 patients who had not been reoperated on were assessed between June and September 2009. A barium swallow was available to assess the gastric pouch volume which was determined by the radiologist. %EWL was compared to the pouch volume using ANOVA test. Pouch volumes were compared using t test. The gastric pouch was dilated when >50 ml and failure to lose enough weight was defined by a %EWL<50%. 107 patients (81%) had a complete follow up of 35.7 ± 5.8 months. Mean pouch volume was 68 ± 4.5 ml with a %EWL of 68 ± 26.1%. 59 patients had a large pouch with a weight loss similar to those with a normally sized pouch (68 ± 3.6 vs 66 ± 3.6%EWL). 25 patients (23.3%) had weight loss failure with a similar pouch volume. No correlation was found between the %EWL and the pouch volume. Pouch size probably plays a role in the weight loss process of RYGB. However, 3 years later, pouch volume does not appear to be the most important factor. Behavorial factors such as recurrent eating disorders and failure to adapt to the changes induced by the surgery may explain at least in part weight loss failure.
Societe de Chirurgie Viscerale, Clinique de l'Anjou, Angers, France, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Obesity surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21660641
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-011-0460-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-pump
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Vagotomy, Proximal Gastric
Vagal denervation of that part of the STOMACH lined with acid-secreting mucosa (GASTRIC MUCOSA) containing the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Since the procedure leaves the vagal branches to the antrum and PYLORUS intact, it circumvents gastric drainage required with truncal vagotomy techniques.
Body Surface Potential Mapping
Recording of regional electrophysiological information by analysis of surface potentials to give a complete picture of the effects of the currents from the heart on the body surface. It has been applied to the diagnosis of old inferior myocardial infarction, localization of the bypass pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, recognition of ventricular hypertrophy, estimation of the size of a myocardial infarct, and the effects of different interventions designed to reduce infarct size. The limiting factor at present is the complexity of the recording and analysis, which requires 100 or more electrodes, sophisticated instrumentation, and dedicated personnel. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed)
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