Priority Mental Health Disorders of Children and Adolescents in Primary-care Pediatric Setting in India 1: Developing a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Policy, Program, and Service Model.
Summary of "Priority Mental Health Disorders of Children and Adolescents in Primary-care Pediatric Setting in India 1: Developing a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Policy, Program, and Service Model."
India has a huge child and adolescent population. Psychiatric disorders are widely prevalent and the mental health needs of these children are well recognized. Nonetheless, there are no country-centric and child specific mental health policies, plans or programs. There is also a significant lack of human resources for child and adolescent mental health in India. This combination of factors makes the primary care a critical setting for the early identification, treatment, consultation and referral of children and adolescents with mental health and developmental needs. Even though the importance of primary care as a system for addressing the mental health care has been recognized for decades, its potential requires further development in India as the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) emerge and evolve. A country and child specific mental health policy, plan and program needs to be formulated as well an integrated, multi-tier CAMHS with a focus on the primary-care physicians as care providers for this population has to be developed.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, 632 004, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indian journal of pediatrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21660409
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-011-0426-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.
Primary Health Care
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Mental Health Associations
Voluntary organizations which support educational programs and research in psychiatry with the objective of the promotion of mental health. An early association in the United States was founded as the National Committee for Mental Hygiene in 1909, became the Mental Health Association in 1976 and later the National Mental Health Association in 1980. State and local mental health associations in this country are chartered by the national organization and affiliated with it.
Patient Self-determination Act
The purpose of this 1990 federal act is to assure that individuals receiving health care services will be given an opportunity to participate in and direct health care decisions affecting themselves. Under this act, hospitals, health care agencies, and health maintenance organizations are responsible for developing patient information for distribution. The information must include patients' rights, advance directives, living wills, ethics committees' consultation and education functions, limited medical treatment (support/comfort care only), mental health treatment, resuscitation, restraints, surrogate decision making and transfer of care. (from JCAHO, Lexicon, 1994)
Adolescent Health Services
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
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