Epidural spinal tumor and periaortitis as rare complications of Wegener's granulomatosis.
Summary of "Epidural spinal tumor and periaortitis as rare complications of Wegener's granulomatosis."
This case report describes findings in a 61-year-old woman who manifested scleritis, small pulmonary nodules, otitis media, periaortitis, and progressive epidural spinal tumor, associated with elevated serum myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) levels. She was clinically diagnosed with Wegener's granulomatosis, although vasculitis was not diagnosed due to the lack of typical histological findings. We discuss the differential diagnosis in this patient, and the association of MPO-ANCA with periaortitis or epidural spinal tumor.
Department of Clinical Pathology and Immunology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2 Kusunoki-Cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0017, Japan, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Modern rheumatology / the Japan Rheumatism Association
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21691846
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10165-011-0456-1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal
A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.
A multisystemic disease of a complex genetic background. It is characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels (VASCULITIS) leading to damage in any number of organs. The common features include granulomatous inflammation of the RESPIRATORY TRACT and kidneys. Most patients have measurable autoantibodies (ANTINEUTROPHIL CYTOPLASMIC ANTIBODIES) against neutrophil proteinase-3 (WEGENER AUTOANTIGEN).
Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)
Granuloma, Lethal Midline
A condition that is characterized by inflammation, ulceration, and perforation of the nose and the PALATE with progressive destruction of midline facial structures. This syndrome can be manifested in several diseases including the nasal type of EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA and WEGENER GRANULOMATOSIS.
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic
Autoantibodies directed against cytoplasmic constituents of POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES and/or MONOCYTES. They are used as specific markers for WEGENER GRANULOMATOSIS and other diseases, though their pathophysiological role is not clear. ANCA are routinely detected by indirect immunofluorescence with three different patterns: c-ANCA (cytoplasmic), p-ANCA (perinuclear), and atypical ANCA.
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