Histiocytoid and signet-ring cell carcinoma of the axilla: a type of cutaneous apocrine carcinoma equivalent to histiocytoid lobular carcinoma of the breast?
Summary of "Histiocytoid and signet-ring cell carcinoma of the axilla: a type of cutaneous apocrine carcinoma equivalent to histiocytoid lobular carcinoma of the breast?"
There is a histopathological similarity between cutaneous apocrine carcinoma (CAC) and breast carcinoma. Cutaneous histiocytoid or signet-ring cell (SRC) carcinoma is a rare neoplasm, which usually occurs on the eyelid, and less commonly on the axilla. The precise histogenesis of this carcinoma remains controversial. We report the case of a man with a cutaneous histiocytoid SRC carcinoma of the axilla having histopathological and immunohistochemical features that were quite similar to histiocytoid lobular carcinoma (histiocytoid LC) of the breast, which is a subtype of classic invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast with apocrine differentiation. We consider this case to be a type of CAC equivalent to histiocytoid LC of the breast, based on the features and the occurrence on the axilla. The patient was treated with adjuvant chemotherapy according to the general guidelines for the treatment of breast carcinoma.
Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine Department of Pathology Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical and experimental dermatology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21689143
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2230.2011.04106.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Carcinoma, Non-small-cell Lung
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell
A poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in which the nucleus is pressed to one side by a cytoplasmic droplet of mucus. It usually arises in the gastrointestinal system.
Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)
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