Lymphoceles, Lymphorrhea, and Lymphedema after Laparoscopic and Open Endometrial Cancer Staging.
Summary of "Lymphoceles, Lymphorrhea, and Lymphedema after Laparoscopic and Open Endometrial Cancer Staging."
To evaluate the incidence of lymphoceles, lymphorrhea, and lymphedema after systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients who underwent laparoscopic or open abdominal staging for endometrial cancer.
A total of 138 consecutive women who underwent systematic laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer staging were compared to 123 historical control subjects staged via an open approach. Postoperative screening for lymphadenectomy-related complications by ultrasound was consistently performed.
The incidence of perioperative complications was lower in cases than in control subjects. Overall, lymphoceles were diagnosed in 19 (15.4%) and 2 (1.4%) patients who had open and laparoscopic staging, respectively (odds ratio 12.42; 95% confidence interval 2.82-54.55; P < 0.0001). Symptomatic lymphoceles were more frequent after open staging than after laparoscopy (P = 0.028). Lymphorrhea occurred in 1 and 4 patients after laparoscopic and open surgery (P = 0.19). No difference in the incidence of lymphedema was observed.
Our findings suggest that laparoscopic endometrial cancer staging is associated with a lower occurrence of both asymptomatic and symptomatic lymphoceles compared to open surgery.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria, Del Ponte Hospital, Varese, Italy, Fabio.firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of surgical oncology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21695563
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-011-1854-5
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A malignant tumor originating from the endothelial cells of lymphatic vessels. Most lymphangiosarcomas arise in an arm secondary to radical mastectomy but they sometimes complicate idiopathic lymphedema. The lymphedema has usually been present for 6 to 10 years before malignant changes develop. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1866)
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