Lymphoepithelial Carcinoma: Two Case Reports and a Systematic Review of Oral and Sinonasal Cases.
Summary of "Lymphoepithelial Carcinoma: Two Case Reports and a Systematic Review of Oral and Sinonasal Cases."
Lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) is a rare malignancy. Histologically, it is an undifferentiated carcinoma with an intermixed reactive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. Herein, we report two cases of LEC in the head and neck region that presented to Oulu University Hospital. Our first case is a 30-year-old man with LEC in the left maxillary sinus. The second case is a 49-year-old man with LEC in the soft palate and uvula with regional lymph node metastases at diagnosis. In addition, a systematic review of the literature from 1980 to 2010 was performed with MEDLINE and cross-references were searched manually. Case reports and clinical series of oral, oropharyngeal, nasal, and paranasal sinus LECs were reviewed revealing a total of 110 cases. Most of the oral cases were found in the tonsils (n = 29), oropharynx (n = 19), and in oral mucosa (n = 18), while sinonasal cases (n = 40) were mainly in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. From 37 case reports, including ours, the median age was 58 and 62 years for sinonasal and oral/oropharyngeal LECs, respectively. Oral and oropharyngeal LECs have a 70.0% tendency to metastasize and 16.6% spread locally. In contrast, none of the nasal and paranasal LECs metastasized, but 60% spread locally. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) had been detected in 87.5% of all tested LEC cases. Treatment of LECs, during the last decade, has largely consisted of surgery, combined with radiotherapy or chemoradiation. Although local spread or nodal metastases are fairly common at the time of diagnosis, the mortality rate of adequately treated LEC patients is low.
Department of Diagnostics and Oral Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, PO Box 5281, 90014, Oulu, Finland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Head and neck pathology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21698444
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-011-0278-7
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