Minor, Major, Low-Trauma, and High-Trauma Fractures: What Are the Subsequent Fracture Risks and How Do They Vary?
Summary of "Minor, Major, Low-Trauma, and High-Trauma Fractures: What Are the Subsequent Fracture Risks and How Do They Vary?"
Osteoporosis is a leading health problem worldwide due to the morbidity and mortality associated with fractures. However, a large number of fractures occur in persons without osteoporosis, when defined by bone mineral density alone. Numerous studies have shown that the risk of subsequent fracture is increased following fractures at most sites, and the increased risk is not limited to prior hip and vertebral fractures only. In addition, the amount of trauma present at the time of a fracture event appears to have limited impact on future fracture risk. Thus, even fractures that occur in the presence of high trauma should be recognized as evidence of possible bone fragility. Further methods to better identify persons at risk of future fracture are needed, such as through evaluation of other indicators of bone strength or recognition of modifiable, non-bone factors. Any initial fracture event is important for patients and caregivers to recognize as an implication for future fracture risk.
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Alabama at Birmingham, FOT 702, 510 20th Street South, Birmingham, AL, 35233, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current osteoporosis reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21698358
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11914-011-0064-1
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Injuries to the optic nerve induced by a trauma to the face or head. These may occur with closed or penetrating injuries. Relatively minor compression of the superior aspect of orbit may also result in trauma to the optic nerve. Clinical manifestations may include visual loss, PAPILLEDEMA, and an afferent pupillary defect.
Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.
An ulcerative pyoderma usually caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection at the site of minor trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)