Minor, Major, Low-Trauma, and High-Trauma Fractures: What Are the Subsequent Fracture Risks and How Do They Vary?
Summary of "Minor, Major, Low-Trauma, and High-Trauma Fractures: What Are the Subsequent Fracture Risks and How Do They Vary?"
Osteoporosis is a leading health problem worldwide due to the morbidity and mortality associated with fractures. However, a large number of fractures occur in persons without osteoporosis, when defined by bone mineral density alone. Numerous studies have shown that the risk of subsequent fracture is increased following fractures at most sites, and the increased risk is not limited to prior hip and vertebral fractures only. In addition, the amount of trauma present at the time of a fracture event appears to have limited impact on future fracture risk. Thus, even fractures that occur in the presence of high trauma should be recognized as evidence of possible bone fragility. Further methods to better identify persons at risk of future fracture are needed, such as through evaluation of other indicators of bone strength or recognition of modifiable, non-bone factors. Any initial fracture event is important for patients and caregivers to recognize as an implication for future fracture risk.
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Alabama at Birmingham, FOT 702, 510 20th Street South, Birmingham, AL, 35233, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current osteoporosis reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21698358
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11914-011-0064-1
We commonly encounter fractures secondary to trauma on and off in our daily practice. While it is not uncommon to see fractures due to underlying pathology, we need to be on the alert when patients pr...
Surgical stabilization of flail chest is increasingly recognized as a valid approach to improve pulmonary mechanics in selected trauma patients. The use of two-dimensional (2D) computed tomography (CT...
Femur fractures are common among trauma patients and are typically seen in patients with multiple injuries resulting from high-energy mechanisms. Internal fixation with intramedullary nailing is the i...
Blunt cerebrovascular injuries (i.e. involvement of carotid and vertebral arteries) are increasingly being recognized in setting of cervical spine trauma/fractures and are associated with high inciden...
Rib fractures are a marker of severe injury, predicting a higher incidence of associated injuries. The purpose of this study was to assess whether an increasing number of rib fractures predicts the se...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between trauma, the immune system, biochemical changes in the first 24 h and subsequent complications and mortality
The purpose of this study is to improve performance, Stavanger University Hospital (SUH) reorganized key system structures and introduced in 2009 mandatory documentation of field Revised T...
This study is to determine the composition of bone graft harvested using the RIA system in 16 orthopaedic trauma patients between age 19 and 65 who have sustained a fracture or non-union r...
Test the hypothesis that the implementation of real-time, computer-prompted algorithms in the first half hour of trauma management will result in a measurable reduction in management error...
Fractures of an elbow are common in children. Accurate initial diagnosis is crucial for the management of the fractures of an elbow. In young children the fractures may be suspected clinic...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Injuries to the optic nerve induced by a trauma to the face or head. These may occur with closed or penetrating injuries. Relatively minor compression of the superior aspect of orbit may also result in trauma to the optic nerve. Clinical manifestations may include visual loss, PAPILLEDEMA, and an afferent pupillary defect.
Specialized hospital facilities which provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for trauma patients.
An ulcerative pyoderma usually caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection at the site of minor trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)