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Infectious mononucleosis may lead to numerous complications. Tonsillar hyperplasia with risk of airway obstruction is well known. Dacryocystitis is a rare but potentially severe complication.
A 6-year-old child with primary mononucleosis infectious diagnosed 8 days before, developed acute dacryocystitis, with rapid evolution to orbital cellulitis, despite adequate antibiotherapy. Emergency surgical drainage was required.
Dacryocystitis is a rare and little documented complication of EBV infection. Its acute evolution to orbital cellulitis is possible and potentially severe. Its physiopathology is specific. Patients are initially free of chronic stenosis and epiphora, which express acute obstruction of the lachrymal sac due to general lymphoid hyperplasia.
Service de stomatologie et chirurgie maxillofaciale, CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, boulevard Léon-Malfreyt, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale
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A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
Infection with a fungus of the genus COCCIDIOIDES, endemic to the SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES. It is sometimes called valley fever but should not be confused with RIFT VALLEY FEVER. Infection is caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles known as arthroconidia, a form of FUNGAL SPORES. A primary form is an acute, benign, self-limited respiratory infection. A secondary form is a virulent, severe, chronic, progressive granulomatous disease with systemic involvement. It can be detected by use of COCCIDIOIDIN.
A group of acute infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 that is characterized by the development of one or more small fluid-filled vesicles with a raised erythematous base on the skin or mucous membrane. It occurs as a primary infection or recurs due to a reactivation of a latent infection. (Dorland, 27th ed.)
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A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus equine lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, EQUINE), causing acute and chronic infection in horses. It is transmitted mechanically by biting flies, mosquitoes, and midges, and iatrogenically through unsterilized equipment. Chronic infection often consists of acute episodes with remissions.
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