Targeting mitochondrial oxidative stress in heart failure throttling the afterburner.
Summary of "Targeting mitochondrial oxidative stress in heart failure throttling the afterburner."
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Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Innere Medizin III, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21620605
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2011.01.032
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Heart Failure, Systolic
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
Heart Failure, Diastolic
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.
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