Effects of epidural TNF-α inhibitor injection: analysis of the pathological changes in a rat model of chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion.
Summary of "Effects of epidural TNF-α inhibitor injection: analysis of the pathological changes in a rat model of chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion."
To evaluate the efficacy of a single direct epidural injection of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor to reduce the pathological changes in nerve fiber injuries in a rat model of chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion (CCD). MATERIALS AND
A surgical procedure for CCD was performed in 17 adult male F-344 rats. The effects of the epidural TNF-α inhibitors on CCD-induced pathological changes were investigated. Three groups of rats (n = 17) were used: (1) CCD + saline (n = 4), (2) CCD + triamcinolone (n = 5), and (3) CCD + TNF-α inhibitors (n = 8). Their dorsal root ganglia and nerve roots were removed on postoperative day 14. The intraneural edema, demyelination, and Wallerian degeneration of all 17 rats were scored pathologically.
The pathology scores of the rats in the TNF-α inhibitor treatment group (1.38 ± 0.74) indicated a mild degree of intraneural edema compared to the saline treatment group (2.25 ± 0.50, p = 0.041). In addition, rats in the TNF-α inhibitor treatment group (2.13 ± 0.35) had a mild degree of demyelination compared to the saline treatment group (2.75 ± 0.50, p = 0.038) and the triamcinolone treatment group (2.80 ± 0.45, p = 0.019). The differences in the pathology scores for Wallerian degeneration were not statistically significant in all three study groups (p = 0.658).
The epidural injection of a TNF-α inhibitor was more effective than a placebo and comparable to triamcinolone in reducing pathological nerve injury progression.
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300, Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, Gyeongi-do, 463-707, South Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Skeletal radiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21713551
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-011-1222-3
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Blood Patch, Epidural
The injection of autologous blood into the epidural space either as a prophylactic treatment immediately following an epidural puncture or for treatment of headache as a result of an epidural puncture.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Flow Injection Analysis
The analysis of a chemical substance by inserting a sample into a carrier stream of reagent using a sample injection valve that propels the sample downstream where mixing occurs in a coiled tube, then passes into a flow-through detector and a recorder or other data handling device.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
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