Accuracy of differential diagnosis for pancreatic cancer is improved in the combination of RCAS1 and CEA measurements and cytology in pancreatic juice.
Summary of "Accuracy of differential diagnosis for pancreatic cancer is improved in the combination of RCAS1 and CEA measurements and cytology in pancreatic juice."
Improvement of diagnostic accuracy for pancreatic cancer in pancreatic disease patients was investigated by examining the combination of three diagnostic methods, i.e., measurements of RCAS1 and CEA levels in pancreatic juice and pancreatic juice cytology. Pancreatic juice was collected from 12 pancreatic cancer (PC) and 26 non-PC patients. RCAS1 and CEA levels were measured by using ELISA. RCAS1 expression on surgically resected tissue was immunohistochemically examined for 2 PC patients. By setting the cutoff level of RCAS1 at 10 U/ml and that of CEA at 18.5 μg/ml, sensitivity of RCAS1 was 42% and that of CEA was 50%. On the other hand, sensitivity and specificity increased from 42% and 85% of RCAS1 alone to 75% and 85% in the examination of RCAS1 + CEA + cytology, and the false-negative rate was also reduced to 25% in this combination. Immunohistochemically, a patient with a high RCAS1 level in pancreatic juice had numerous RCAS1-positive tumor cells in the pancreatic juice. We concluded that RCAS1 and CEA measurements together with cytology in pancreatic juice would be a useful combination method for making a differential diagnosis of PC from non-PC.
Department of Pathology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka, 830-0011, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical molecular morphology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21717311
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00795-010-0511-6
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
Pancreatic Stellate Cells
Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.
Determination of which one of two or more diseases or conditions a patient is suffering from by systematically comparing and contrasting results of diagnostic measures.
A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.
Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.
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