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Measuring the kinetics of antigen-antibody bindings we found an unexpected effect that can be explained by an automatic long distance detection of antigens by antibodies over up to 2 mm. We have developed a theory based on phase locking of THz waves, which leads antibodies automatically to their antigens. A mathematical proof of principle is done.
DRE-GmbH, Feldstr. 14, 23909, Ratzeburg, Germany, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European biophysics journal : EBJ
Traditionally, research on time perception has diverged into a representational approach that focuses on the interaction between time and non-temporal magnitude information like spatial distance, and ...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease, associated with the presence of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA). These antibodies have been found in approximately 70...
The present study was undertaken for the detection of Echinococcus granulosus specific antibodies in dogs by counter immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP) with two different antigens viz., somatic and excretor...
We demonstrate a long-working-distance microscopic imaging of hidden objects in a turbid medium by use of an ultrafast optical Kerr gate (OKG). The results show that the working distance and the spati...
IgG antibodies produced by rabbits immunized against S. mansoni antigens cross-reacted with aqueous soluble constituents of a variety of allergens. The antibody cross-reactivity was largely sensitive ...
The purpose of this study is to test the safety and what effects, good and/or bad, treatment with a vaccine against neuroblastoma has on the patient and the cancer. In the first part of th...
Young children age 6 month to 6 years are often not able to cooperate for advanced OCT eye imaging. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of a novel long-working distance swe...
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate whether high-dose acyclovir decreases acute and long-term morbidity and mortality in neonates with central nervous system or disseminated herpes simplex virus (HSV...
This study will evaluate the persistence of the immune response to HAV (hepatitis A virus) antigens and HBs (hepatitis B surface) antigens in healthy adults previously vaccinated with Twin...
Acute otitis media (OM) and OM with effusion are common childhood diseases. Otitis media is a condition marked by inflammation of the middle ear. Otitis media with effusion typically mea...
Antibodies elicited in a different species from which the antigen originated. These antibodies are directed against a wide variety of interspecies-specific antigens, the best known of which are Forssman, Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D), and Paul-Bunnell (P-B). Incidence of antibodies to these antigens--i.e., the phenomenon of heterophile antibody response--is useful in the serodiagnosis, pathogenesis, and prognosis of infection and latent infectious states as well as in cancer classification.
Antibodies to the HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS, including antibodies to the surface (Australia) and core of the Dane particle and those to the "e" antigens.
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.
Antibodies reactive with various types of human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma antigens or bovine leukemia virus antigens.
Antibodies to the HEPATITIS A ANTIGENS including antibodies to envelope, core, and non-structural proteins.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...