Changes in frontal-parietal activation and math skills performance following adaptive number sense training: Preliminary results from a pilot study.

06:24 EDT 28th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Changes in frontal-parietal activation and math skills performance following adaptive number sense training: Preliminary results from a pilot study."

Number sense is believed to be critical for math development. It is putatively an implicitly learned skill and may therefore have limitations in terms of being explicitly trained, particularly in individuals with altered neurodevelopment. A case series study was conducted using an adaptive, computerised programme that focused on number sense and general problem-solving skills. The study was designed to investigate training effects on performance as well as brain function in a group of children with Turner syndrome who are at risk for math difficulties and altered development of math-related brain networks. Standardised measurements of math and math-related cognitive skills as well as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used to assess behavioural and neurobiological outcomes following training. Participants demonstrated significantly increased basic math skills, including number sense, and calculation as well as processing speed, cognitive flexibility and visual-spatial processing skills. With the exception of calculation, increased scores also were clinically significant (i.e., recovered) based on reliable change analysis. Participants additionally demonstrated significantly increased bilateral parietal lobe activation and decreased frontal-striatal and mesial temporal activation following the training programme. These findings show proof of concept for an accessible training approach that may be potentially associated with improved number sense, math and related skills, as well as functional changes in math-related neural systems, even among individuals at risk for altered brain development.

Affiliation

a Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , Stanford University School of Medicine , Palo Alto , CA , USA.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neuropsychological rehabilitation
ISSN: 1464-0694
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [14600 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Domain identification moderates the effect of positive stereotypes on Chinese American women's math performance.

We examined whether an individual difference factor, math domain identification, moderated performance following positive stereotype activation. We hypothesized that positive stereotype activation wou...

Long-term stability in children's frontal EEG alpha asymmetry between 14-months and 83-months.

In the present study, we investigated the test-retest stability of resting state alpha asymmetry in 18 children (9 male and 9 female) in a longitudinal design. Children's resting state brain activatio...

Distinguishing Adolescents With ADHD From Their Unaffected Siblings and Healthy Comparison Subjects by Neural Activation Patterns During Response Inhibition.

Objective: Dysfunctional response inhibition is a key executive function impairment in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Still, behavioral response inhibition measures do not consistent...

Mathematically gifted adolescents mobilize enhanced workspace configuration of theta cortical network during deductive reasoning.

Previous studies have established the importance of the fronto-parietal brain network in the information processing of reasoning. At the level of cortical source analysis, this EEG study investigates ...

Modality-independent neural Mechanisms for novel phonetic processing.

The present study investigates whether the inferior frontal gyrus is activated for phonetic segmentation of both speech and sign. Early adult second language learners of Spanish and American Sign Lang...

Clinical Trials [2099 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effects of Gum Chewing on Math Scores in Adolescents

Context: Gum chewing has been shown to increase cognitive functioning. With the rise in standardized testing of school-age children and the concurrent attempts to improve their scores, fin...

Effects of Physical Activity on Math - an RCT

Background Increased physical activity can improve cognition and academic skills. However due to economic concerns and increasing focus on standardized testing, PA in schools often receiv...

Studies of Frontal Lobe Brain Functioning in Schizophrenia

The purpose of this study is to use brain imaging technology to investigate the role of the frontal lobe of the brain in the thinking of individuals with schizophrenia and other neuropsych...

Soft Skills and Surgical Performance

Background and hypothesis: Virtual reality (VR) training in minimal invasive surgery (MIS) is known to be feasible and beneficial in surgical residency. Research on stress- coping in surg...

The Effect of tDCS on a Motor-cognitive Dual-task Performance of Parkinson's Patients

The concurrent performance of two tasks, i.e., dual tasking (DT), is a common and ubiquitous every day phenomena. For example, people frequently walk while talking on a cellphone or drive ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Performance of complex motor acts.

A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by seizures which arise in the frontal lobe. A variety of clinical syndromes exist depending on the exact location of the seizure focus. Simple or complex motor movements may occur, and most commonly involve the face and upper extremities. Seizures in the anterior frontal regions may be associated with head and eye turning, typically away from the side of origin of the seizure. Frontal lobe seizures may be idiopathic (cryptogenic) or caused by an identifiable disease process such as traumatic injuries, neoplasms, or other macroscopic or microscopic lesions of the frontal lobes (symptomatic frontal lobe seizures). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp318-9)

The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.

The compartment containing the inferior part and anterior extremities of the frontal lobes (FRONTAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. It is formed mainly by orbital parts of the FRONTAL BONE and the lesser wings of the SPHENOID BONE.

Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Alzheimer's Disease
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase  'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...

Pediatrics
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Advertisement