Phrenic nerve palsy and parsonage-turner syndrome.
Summary of "Phrenic nerve palsy and parsonage-turner syndrome."
This report describes 2 symptomatic patients with phrenic nerve palsy due to Parsonage-Turner syndrome who were managed by diaphragmatic plication. The characteristics of the underlying syndrome are defined.
Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Annals of thoracic surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21718875
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2010.12.067
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The motor nerve of the diaphragm. The phrenic nerve fibers originate in the cervical spinal column (mostly C4) and travel through the cervical plexus to the diaphragm.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic women with a karyotype of sex chromosome monosomy (45,X or 45,XO), associated with the loss of a sex chromosome X or Y. Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated (streak) gonads, sexual infantilism (HYPOGONADISM), webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS and decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood. Studies of Turner Syndrome and its variants have contributed significantly to the understanding of SEX DIFFERENTIATION. NOONAN SYNDROME bears similarity to this disorder; however, it also occurs in males, has normal karyotype, and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
A syndrome of congenital facial paralysis, frequently associated with abducens palsy and other congenital abnormalities including lingual palsy, clubfeet, brachial disorders, cognitive deficits, and pectoral muscle defects. Pathologic findings are variable and include brain stem nuclear aplasia, facial nerve aplasia, and facial muscle aplasia, consistent with a multifactorial etiology. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1020)
Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.
Recurrent clonic contraction of facial muscles, restricted to one side. It may occur as a manifestation of compressive lesions involving the seventh cranial nerve (FACIAL NERVE DISEASES), during recovery from BELL PALSY, or in association with other disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1378)
BACKGROUND: Brachial neuritis is a frequently misdiagnosed condition which can present to many medical or surgical specialties. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of brachial neuritis with bilateral phrenic...
Object Hand function is severely impaired in cases of lower root avulsion. In the present study, the authors investigated the clinical effectiveness and safety of phrenic nerve transfer to the posteri...
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Among a variety of more common differential diagnoses, the aetiology of acute respiratory failure includes Lyme neuroborreliosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report an 87-years old hun...
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to determine whether predictors of phrenic nerve palsy (PNP) exist and to test whether a standardized ablation protocol may prevent PNP during cryoballoon (CB)...
Girls and women with Turner syndrome are at risk for aortic dissection and rupture. However, the size of the aorta and the clinical characteristics among those with Turner syndrome and dissection have...
In this study, we sought to determine whether a stimulation of the phrenic nerve affects heart function. Heart function is assessed by acoustic cardiography.
The purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of unilateral or bilateral diaphragm plication in a prospective randomised controlled way on symptoms, pulmonary function including ga...
Diabetes is more frequent in women with Turner syndrome. The purpose of this study is to see, in what ways the glucose metabolism is different in this study population. The hypothesis is t...
the purpose of this study is to compare the oesophageal depression induiced by bilateral phrenic nerve stimulation during swallowing in patients with neurological laryngeal aspiration
This study is a multicenter, open-label, observational, postmarketing surveillance study of Genentech growth hormone (GH) products in the treatment of girls with Turner syndrome in the Uni...