Bystander CPR in south east Scotland increases over 16 years.
Summary of "Bystander CPR in south east Scotland increases over 16 years."
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a leading cause of mortality and serious neurological disability across Europe. Without immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), chances of survival are minimal. Despite community initiatives to increase the number of trained CPR providers, the effectiveness of these measures remains unknown and the proportion of OHCA patients receiving bystander CPR in the United Kingdom yet to be established. We sought to identify the change in the rate of bystander CPR in south east Scotland over a 16-year period.
Retrospective cohort study of all adult non-traumatic OHCA in south east Scotland from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2007 using the Heartstart Scotland database.
7928 OHCA were included. The proportion of patients receiving bystander CPR increased from 34% in 1992 to 52% in 2007 (p for trend <0.0001). The rate of CPR from bystanders, spouses and from relatives increased significantly over the study period. Patients arresting at home received significantly less bystander CPR than those arresting away from home (39% vs 52%, p<0.0001) regardless of age or sex.
There has been a significant increase in bystander CPR in south east Scotland during the 16-year period. Bystander CPR is associated with an increased rate of survival and targeted CPR training for relatives of patients at risk of sudden cardiac death may be beneficial.
University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20655648
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.06.012
The BVA has announced elections for new regional representatives on BVA Council in Scotland, the north west, and the south west, with two candidates to choose from in each region. The two other region...
Length of stay is a standard variable used to evaluate outcomes in burn care. Is the target of 1 day length of stay per 1% total body surface area burned actually being achieved? Methods: A retrospect...
A new species of army ant from the Aenictus wroughtonii group is described and illustrated based on the worker caste. Aenictus gutianshanensis Staab, sp. n. is known form a single colony collected in ...
Ross River virus (RRV) is an arbovirus transmitted by Aedes and Culex mosquitos. It is endemic in Australia, New Zealand and south-east Asia. Clinical manifestation rates in adults range about 20-40 ...
Limited data in our multi-ethnic South East Asian society on the feasibility of advance care planning (ACP) where different cultures have disparate beliefs with regards to death.
The purpose of this study is to find out the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combined therapy of lenalidomide (Revlimid® and GM.CD40L bystander vaccine. This research is also being d...
Drug resistance to a range of antimalarial treatments has become widespread in Africa, South East Asia and South America. Because the rapid spread of drug resistance threatens a public hea...
STUDY OBJECTIVES The overall goal of this study is to compare bystander fatigue and CPR quality after 5 minutes of the new 30:2 versus the old 15:2 chest compression to ventilation Interna...
The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the South Beach Diet™ and South Beach Diet™ products compared to a traditional calorie restricted diet.
The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of anti-HIV treatment on the work attendance of employed people in South Africa. The study will enroll participants from a large manufa...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.
A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and east of COTE D'IVOIRE. Its capital is Monrovia.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.