Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a leading cause of mortality and serious neurological disability across Europe. Without immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), chances of survival are minimal. Despite community initiatives to increase the number of trained CPR providers, the effectiveness of these measures remains unknown and the proportion of OHCA patients receiving bystander CPR in the United Kingdom yet to be established. We sought to identify the change in the rate of bystander CPR in south east Scotland over a 16-year period.
Retrospective cohort study of all adult non-traumatic OHCA in south east Scotland from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2007 using the Heartstart Scotland database.
7928 OHCA were included. The proportion of patients receiving bystander CPR increased from 34% in 1992 to 52% in 2007 (p for trend <0.0001). The rate of CPR from bystanders, spouses and from relatives increased significantly over the study period. Patients arresting at home received significantly less bystander CPR than those arresting away from home (39% vs 52%, p<0.0001) regardless of age or sex.
There has been a significant increase in bystander CPR in south east Scotland during the 16-year period. Bystander CPR is associated with an increased rate of survival and targeted CPR training for relatives of patients at risk of sudden cardiac death may be beneficial.
University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
This article was published in the following journal.
To explore the perceptions of healthcare professionals' (HCPs) in a South East Asian nation towards percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) feeding.
The objective of our study was to explore a possible molecular mechanism by which ultraviolet (UV) biophotons could elicit bystander responses in reporter cells and resolve the problem of seemingly mu...
The persistence of atmospheric circulation anomalies over East Asia shows a winter to winter recurrence (WTWR) phenomenon. Seasonal variations in sea level pressure anomalies and surface wind anomalie...
Bystander-delivered defibrillation (hereinafter referred to as bystander defibrillation) of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) remains limited despite the widespread dissemination o...
The northward-flowing Kuroshio often intrudes westward and modulates the water masses of the South and East China Seas. These intrusions transcend multiple scales in time and space, which we demonstra...
This study will evaluate an innovative video bystander program, which has the potential to be implemented broadly and cost-effectively across college campuses. Half of the participants wil...
This study is planned to investigate the pain control status in cancer patients in 6 South East Asian countries through evaluation of prescription pattern of analgesics, satisfaction of pa...
Congenital heart defects are seen in 0,8% of life births. In France this means more than 5000 newborns per year. The south-east region of France is particularly affected as a result of a h...
The investigators have developed a game-based sexual violence prevention program that uses a bystander intervention approach. This program is called Bystander and was designed for use with...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether (a) a brief alcohol intervention, (b) a brief bystander and social norms intervention, or (c) a brief alcohol and a brief bystander and so...
State bounded on the north by Minnesota, on the east by Wisconsin and Illinois, on the south by Missouri, and on the west by Nebraska and South Dakota.
State bounded on the east by Nevada and Arizona, on the south by Mexico and the Pacific Ocean on the south and west, and on the north by Oregon.
State bounded on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Utah and Colorado, and on the west by Idaho and Utah.
State bounded on the north by South Dakota, on the east by Iowa and Missouri, on the south by Kansas and Colorado, and on the west by Colorado and Wyoming.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...